Procedures, Parameters & Sub-Programs In any modern programming language, procedures play a vital role in the construction of any new software. These days, procedures are used instead of the old constructs of GOTO and GOSUB, which have since become obsolete. Procedures provide a number of important features for the modern software engineer:- Programs are easier to write. Procedures save a large amount of time during software development as the programmer only needs to code a procedure once, but can use it a number of times. Procedures are especially useful in recursive algorithms where the same piece of code has to be executed over and over again.
Reusability is one of the more influential capabilities when using OOP, as this task is much simpler done using OOP, then other programming languages ("IBM Smalltalk Tutorial", 2014). Both Procedural Programming and Object-Oriented Programming have positive and negative contradictions to each programming type. However, both programming types can be used singularly, and can be used in collaboration with each other, thus filling in the gaps, and creating the possibility of an extremely exceptional programming experience. Works Cited ChipKidz. (2009).
First of all, Everyday businesses are facing constantly internal operational and technological changes and having free software is appropriate and secure to offer a solution to all this changes. Having access to the original source code is a huge advantage because businesses can make adjustments, corrections or simply add new functions that are exclusive for the organization. For example, it can be used to personalize printers, to accomplish a specific task, for security audits and to keep privacy of the data. On the contrary, private software is expensive, unsecure and it has copy protection. For this reason, many organizations are considering moving away from their current Operating Systems to Linux for example.
Retrieved 2012, from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Process_%28computing%29 Beach, T. E. (2010, September 7). Computer Terminology. Retrieved 2012, from Computer Concepts and Terminology: http://www.unm.edu/~tbeach/terms/inputoutput.html Karbo, M. (2002, September 2). Information Processing Cycle. Retrieved January 22, 2012, from iNFOSYSSEC: http://www1.pacific.edu/comp25/reading/1-InfoProcessingCycle.html Kayne, R. (2012).
Java is commonly used and also high level object-oriented programming language which has wide verity of applications and lets the programmers to develop applications for web, mobile and desktop. Below are the principles, characteristics and features of Programming in Java: - Java is Simple: It is a very simple language since it is easy to learn and create by using the best features from other languages mostly like C and C++. When an individual have the basic about object oriented programming concept it is easy to learn Java. Java also provides automatic memory management by development environment and eliminates pointers that offer programmer the error free development environment. - Java is Platform Independent: Java Provide the facility of cross-plateform programs by collecting in intermediate code known as “bytecode” which only can be read on any systems which have Java Virtual Machine (JVM).
This definition guide to the communication between the users and the computer may become easily for beginners, intermediates and experts and they do not have to memorise the programing commands. The GUIs are probably used for many purposes. Firstly, programmers develop the appearance of the progr... ... middle of paper ... ...s to deliver difficult information and appears the display more attractive. However, the designers memorise some guidelines to make the symbolism effective such as using clear symbols or icons which users can understand what this icon do and make the size, weight and angles consistent (Marcus, 1997). Thirdly, one of the most important design organisations is the GUI colours.
Luckily, Erlang also has this in spades.  Due to Erlang’s powerful concurrency being built into the language, it makes Erlang’s fault-tolerance simple and powerful. Erlang’s processes can actually monitor one another, allowing a process to recover another process in the event that software faults must be recovered from. This allows Erlang to put itself ahead of other languages, as Erlang’s complex architecture is capable of isolating errors, and guaranteeing nonstop operation.  As stated before, Erlang can be very useful when dealing with instant messaging, this can be taken one step farther; socket processing.
Open source software is becoming more widespread as the IT industry expands. This type of software is great for the people that choose to build their own versions of applications. Some view this type of software to be unethical and crippling to companies that release programs in order to make a profit. Having access to the source code can benefit end-users in more ways than one and could potentially result in a better product. The idea behind open source software is that a program can be released to the public and its source code must be readily available to users for modifications of the code.
AI is a new step that is very helpful to the society. Machines can do jobs that require detailed instructions followed and mental alertness. AI with its learning capabilities can accomplish those tasks but only if the world’s conservatives are ready to change and allow this to be a possibility. There are many capabilities of AI. The more use we get out of the machines he less work is required by us.