Hispanic Culture and Health: Role of Community Health Nurse Laurent Kimwama RN-BSN Program University of Central Missouri The diverse population that I wish to talk about is the Latino/Hispanics .Leininger’s theory of culture care diversity and universality was aimed at providing culturally competent nursing care by understand similarities and differences of various cultures. (Nies & McEwen,2011,p-219).She came up with transcultural nursing which community health nurses are expected to understand and use when interacting with the community(Hispanic population).According to Leininger’s, cultural specific is behaviors, values or way of life that is unique to a particular population or culture. On the other hand, “Culture universal” refers to behaviors, values, way of life, beliefs that are shared and similar among different population or cultures (Nies & McEwen, 2011, p-219).Cultural specifics for the Hispanic population include: the use of folk healers in time of sickness, the belief in the “hot” and “cold” theory of diseases. Culture universal for the Hispanic population include; believing in religion (most are Roman Catholics) Nutrition is an important aspect affecting the Hispanics health. Hispanic foods vary depending on their countries of origin but main ones include, rice, beans, and tortillas.
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The history of Mexican American Women in the Southwest and Midwest is mentioned in detail in Vicki L. Ruiz's book From Out of the Shadows and also covers historical background of the author's relatives. Much of the Americanization of American Mexican women is marked on how they were affected by Houchen's attempts to assimilate them and their families in positive and negative ways along with social pressures leading to resistance. Some examples that cover the details of integration of Mexican women in American society are how Houchen has helped their families and themselves. However a few the negative aspects are covered, such as idealizations of American life only to be faced with issues regarding racial and gender a discrimination. A few reasons why women and children were often targeted by settlement houses and mainly the Rose Gregory Houchen settlement located in El Paso, Texas due to the notion women were the foundation of the family.
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Introduction Cultural competence and linguistic competence is the new trend in health care industry. What does being competent culturally and linguistically mean? The Office of Minority Health (OMH, 2013) defines cultural and linguistic competence as a set of “behavior, attitudes and policies that influence effective work in a cross cultural situation.” According to OMH (2013) culture influences how health care is delivered, received, and the final outcome. In this report the author will discuss Leininger’s theory of cultural care diversity and universality in the context of nursing practice, the social, political and ethical implication and the benefits and limitation of this theory. Theory in Nursing Practice Theory Choice and Rationale The concept of culture care diversity and universality evolved from Leininger observing pediatric patients response to nurse specialists in a setting of child psychology.
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