Computers and Society The decade of the 1980's saw an explosion in computer technology and computer usage that deeply changed society. Today computers are a part of everyday life, they are in their simplest form a digital watch or more complexly computers manage power grids, telephone networks, and the money of the world. Henry Grunwald, former US ambassador to Austria best describes the computer's functions, “It enables the mind to ask questions, find answers, stockpile knowledge, and devise plans to move mountains, if not worlds.” Society has embraced the computer and accepted it for its many powers which can be used for business, education, research, and warfare. The first mechanical calculator, a system of moving beads called the abacus, was invented in Babylonia around 500 BC. The abacus provided the fastest method of calculating until 1642, when the French scientist Pascal invented a calculator made of wheels and cogs.
My first career began during the U.S. Army’s transition into the New Army of the post-Cold War era. I served for nearly a decade, stateside and overseas, participated in the administration of multi-national task forces under U.N. control, and built and managed the deployment facility for the USARPAC power projection platform. I learned, by trial and error, the ins and outs of the personnel management bureaucracy and how to design computer-based solutions for many problems. Contrary to popular belief, the military was not at all bleeding edge in its attempts at automating even basic office documents, much less complex processes. We still used primarily tally sheets, log books, and typewriters to run Division-level operations even in the mid 1990s.
Hull was an inventor of over 60 U.S. patents in the fields of ion optics and rapid prototyping. He defined stereo lithography as a method and apparatus for making solid objects by successively “printing” thin layers of the ultraviolet curable material one on top of the other. In 1996, the world saw the first major release of 3d printers by Z Corporation. Lack of Cad software, this model cannot be used widely. In course of further development over the next decade, printer technology developed in resolution and software capability.
Computer engineers usually design new computer hardware, create blueprints of computer equipment to be built, and test the completed models of the computer they designed (Computer Hardware Engineers 1). Computer engineers also have to analyze the test results and change the design, update existing computer equipment so that it will work with new software, and oversee the manufacturing process for computer hardware. Computer engineers make sure that computer component... ... middle of paper ... ...r a Bachelor’s degree in computer engineering can affect your yearly salary. There are many technology companies looking for computer engineers like Google, Microsoft, Intel, IBM, Apple, Facebook or Guidewire (Computer Engineering Salary 1). Conclusion Computer engineers are very useful and productive.
Operating Systems Operating Systems An operating system is the program that manages all the application programs in a computer system. This also includes managing the input and output devices, and assigning system resources. Operating systems evolved as the solution to the problems that were evident in early computer systems, and coincide with the changing computer systems. Three cycles are clear in the evolution of computers, the mainframe computers, minicomputers and microcomputers, and each of these stages influenced the development of operating systems. Now, advances in software and hardware technologies have resulted in an increased demand for more sophisticated and powerful operating systems, with each new generation able to handle and perform more complex tasks.
Industrial Designer Did you know that mostly every product was designed by an Industrial Designer from medical supplies to furniture. I like to be able to fix things and build things. I want to choose a career that lets me use creative thinking skills and knowledge. As an Industrial Designer they create products, and use their creative imagination and bring it to life. This paper will explore the job description, requirements and salary expectation, including the career path, for an Industrial Designer.
In 1671, Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz invented a computer that was built in 1694; it could add and, by successive adding and shifting, multiply. Leibniz invented a special "stepped gear" mechanism for introducing the addend digits, and this mechanism is still in use. The prototypes built by Leibniz and Pascal were not widely used but remained curiosities until more than a century later, when Tomas of Colmar (Charles Xavier Thomas) developed (1820) the first commercially successful mechanical calculator that could add, subtract, multiply, and divide. A succession of improved "desk-top" mechanical calculators by various inventors followed, so that by about 1890 the available built-in operations included accumulation of partial results, storage and reintroduction of past results, and printing of results, each requiring manual initiation. These improvements were made primarily to suit commercial users, with little attention given to the needs of science.
Babbage may have never mass produced the machines but he started the evolution of computers. “John Mauchly and John Presper Eckert developed the ENIAC I (Electrical Numerical Integrator And Calculator) in the year 1946”, (http://inventors.about.com/). “ENIAC became the first modern computer. The project was sponsored by the American Military to calculate artiller... ... middle of paper ... ... it displays an image that enables physicians to look beneath the patient’s skin. As the scanner passes over the patient, it displays an image of bone and tissue structure on a computer screen” (http://it-elahi.blogspot.com/).
Scientists have to develop new programs and methods of repair for these computers (Development). Charles Babbage developed the theory for the first computer in 1830. He called it an analytical engine. He designed it to perform many kinds of calculations. However, he never built it before he died.
Setting goals for Process: Process of innovating goals starts with setting a goal. It is based on the action of finding some answer to the problem. Cooperation of the Process: Innovati... ... middle of paper ... ...he organization. The output of the design group’s efforts is detailed drawing and other specifications, which assist the succeeding groups for effective usage of the raw materials into a finished product. This information is also important for the product designers to recommend the correct machines, processes and procedures.