Processes and Stages of Memory

1498 Words6 Pages
Donald Thomson is a psychologist that participated as a guest on the Australian talk show concerning eyewitness testimony. Donald disputed that by being an excellent eyewitness, one must be able to notice definite aspects of the facial appearance to aid in identifying a suspect. To properly identify a suspect as an eyewitness it is important to recall skin color, eye color, facial symmetry, average height, body build, and approximate age of the perpetrator. During this broadcasting, a woman that was watching the show was assaulted and raped. Shortly after she regained consciousness, she was interviewed by the police officer. Without hesitation, she identified Donald as her aggressor. Luckily for the psychologist Donald Thomson, it was a live taping which means that he had witnesses to support his alibi. This was the proof he needed to prove he was not the aggressor. The unexpected thing about this case is that Donald studies this phenomenon, eyewitness testimonies. We must ask ourselves, does this case show how rare and unusual human memory functions, or can these memory mistakes be a reoccurring problem (Wood, Wood, Boyd, Wood, Desmarais, 2011, p.185)? As an officer in law, they must remember not to breach the Charter of Rights and Freedom because a suspect could walk away without being charged. In law enforcement, there are various steps or systems that an officer must memorize on a day to day basis. For example: Giving a suspect their right to council, knowing where to search and what to be searching for, memorizing the rules, and legislations to make a proper arrest (Pollock, J.M. , 2010). This paper discusses memory, the different processes and stages of memory, why we forget, ways to improve, and strategies to help enhance t... ... middle of paper ... ...), 14(1), 4-58. doi:10.1177/1529100612453266 Heinzel, S., Schulte, S., Onken, J., Duong, Q., Riemer, T. G., Heinz, A., & ... Rapp, M. A. (2014). Working memory training improvements and gains in non-trained cognitive tasks in young and older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition, 21(2), 146-173. doi:10.1080/13825585.2013.790338 Pollock, J.M. (2010). Ethical dilemmas and decisions in criminal justice. (Sixth edition). Texas State University-San Marcos. Sweegers, C. G., Takashima, A., Fernández, G., & Talamini, L. M. (2014). Neural mechanisms supporting the extraction of general knowledge across episodic memories. Neuroimage, 87138-146. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.10.063 Wood, S.E., Wood, E.G., Boyd, D., Wood, E., Desmarais, S. (2014). The world psychology. (Carolyn Taylor’s custom edition). Toronto: Pearson Canada. (p.183- 214).
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