Problems Generated by Industralization and Urbanization in Ontario Province

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In Ontario province, Industrialization and Urbanization have generated a lot of problems. One such problem is Water Pollution, related to mining and industries, road salt, in drinking water, by vehicular emissions etc. The presence of mercury has also been noted in lakes and rivers. The Chlor-alkali plant of pulp and paper industry used mercury to produce chlorine, but now such plants are not working and the level of mercury in water bodies has been dropped since that time. [1] Mining affects the environment by water pollution as discharge of acidic drainage, metals, cyanide and suspended particles in water bodies. [2] Pollution of water is one of the main concern. Acid rain, Erosion and Sedimentation, Groundwater contamination, wastewater are some of the reasons behind water pollution. The ground and the surface water is usually uncontaminated in Canada. Certain region may be polluted occasionally. A number of ways, including industrial and municipal discharge, runoff, spills, and deposition of airborne pollutants by which the pollution enters the water bodies. The waste can easily be discarded into river, lake or any other water body. The waste dumped can be in large or small quantities, dumped accidently or purposefully and it can be carried but can never be disappeared. The waste can change its form, may be gets diluted. But overload of these wastes results in pollution. [3]

Impacts of Water Pollution on human health

“The WHO states that one sixth of the world’s population, approximately 1.1 billion people, do not have access to safe water and 2.4 billion lack basic sanitation.” Impact of water pollution comes in two forms: Microbiological contamination, which caused water borne diseases are due to improper ...

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... Commissioner of Ontario (2007):


10- Annual Report - Environmental Commissioner of Ontario (2007):

11- Muldoon, P., L. A. (2009). “An Introduction to Environmental Law and Policy in Canada”. Emond Montgomery Publications Limited.

12- Corkal D.R., I. B. (2007). The Case of Canada – Institutions and Water in the South Saskatchewan River Basin. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada


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