Precipitation is naturally acidic because of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Acid rain begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, oil, and from certain kinds of manufacturing. Sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides react with water and other chemicals in the air to from sulfuric acid, nitric acid, and other pollutants ( ). What was once a local problem for towns and cities is now an international problem. The spread of this problem originated from tall chimneys dispersing pollutants high into the atmosphere, which then traveled with the wind for thousands of kilometers until once again reaching the ground in an invisible state.
It is known that without the atmosphere our planet would be inhabitable, but we continue to put numerous amounts of toxic waste into it. The burning of fossils fuels, produces gases that cause acid rain. Acid rain is harmful to forests, lakes, rivers, and any wildlife that is located in these areas. High standards of living, which developed countries are accustomed to, depends upon fossil fuels to withhold these standards. Therefore, they cause the pollutants that cause acid rain.
What is Acid Rain? Acid rain is a form of precipitation that falls to the earth as rain. For rain to be acidic it has a pH level of less than 5.6. The corrosive nature of acid rain causes widespread damage to the environment. The problem begins with the production of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas, oil and other kinds of manufacturing.
All of these actions lead to a disturbance of the environment. Surface mining lead to the destruction of many habitats. Large areas of the earth are blasted away in order for miners to access the coal underground. Fossil fuels also contribute to global warning through the emission of greenhouse gases. Natural gases are largely composed of methane, which is a dangerous greenhouse gas.
Acid rain is a problem that has plagued earth for years. It is poisoning our waters, animals, plants, soil, and more. It is a problem that can not be ignored or it might have catastrophic results on our environment. Acid rain is caused by air pollution, which is due to man-made actions. Scientists have discovered that air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain.
Wet deposition and dry deposition are two forms of acid rain. Wet deposition is rain, sleet, snow, or fog that has become more acidic than the usual. Dry deposition is another form of acid deposition, which is when the dust particles become acidic. Acid rain is caused by natural and man made causes. The most common natural cause of acid rain are volcanoes.
Acid rain would not completely go away if pollution from humans stopped, but it wou... ... middle of paper ... ...ent. In order to reduce the amount of the acid precipitation, the amount of pollution needs to be reduced. Some ways that pollution can be reduced is by using cleaner fuel, taking public transportation, walking, or bicycling to places. Acid rain effects so many things in the environment, and it can also lead to making certain species extinct. http://acidrain.pbworks.com/w/page/1319111/Effects%20on%20Architecture http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/resource-guide-to-toxic-acid-rain.htm http://www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/200801_jan08/paper_02.pdf http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/effects/surface_water.html http://www.libraryindex.com/pages/1139/Acid-Rain-EFFECTS-ACID-RAIN-ON-OUR-ENVIRONMENT.html http://www.epa.gov/acidrain/education/site_students/beingdone.html Raven, Peter H., Linda R. Berg, and David M. Hassenzahl.
The Problem of Acid Rain WHAT CAUSES ACID RAIN When power stations, factories, houses and cars release pollution into the air it has chemicals in it called sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. SULPHUR DIOXIDE: Man-made sulphur dioxide comes mainly from burning fossils fuels in power stations. It then mixes with water in the atmosphere to make sulphuric acid, which will later fall as acid rain. NITROGEN OXIDES: Nitrogen oxides are also man-made and mainly come from car exhausts. These gases also go into the atmosphere and mix with water to form nitric acid, which once again falls as acid rain.
Acid Rain Within this past century, acidity of the air and acid rain have become recognized as one of the leading threats to our planet’s environment. No longer limited by geographic boundaries, acid causing emissions are causing problems all over the world. Some laws have been passed which limit the amount of pollutants that are released into the air, but tougher legislation must be implemented before this problem can be overcome. Acid rain is produced, when automobiles, smelters, power plants, and other industrial factories burn fossil fuels such as gasoline, coal, and fuel oils. When combusted, the non renewable resources release pollutants such as sulfur, carbon and nitrogen oxides into the air.
However, once mined the coal is sent off to such places as coal power plants, which are then combusted, creating carbon dioxide going into the atmosphere effecting the carbon cycle greatly. Overall, the process of collecting and burning coal as fuel is a very detrimental process towards both humans and the environment. Part 1: Investigating one human activity and its effect on the natural processes • Interaction with Global Cycles - Coal mining has a large effect on both the water and carbon cycles. As previously mentioned coal mining operations take water sources which others rely upon. However some mines don’t work off water from above ground, but use underground water from aquifers.