There is no ideal structure to the state; instead politics changes on what they best suit the state. Aristotle’s ideal doesn’t have one complete ruler or system. The ideal is ruling between people in a rotation so that every male gets a chance to rule. Aristotle and Plato both view the state as a basic necessity for humans; however the purpose of the state varies from Aristotle’s to Plato’s ideologies. Within Aristotle’s ideal state “the true purpose of government is to enable its citizen to live the full and happy life,” (“The Man” 32), the best government for Aristotle is one that allows individualism among its citizens, rather than rule in favor of the majority.
These are a few of the questions Aristotle tries to answer in the Politics. As opposed to Plato, Aristotle is much more pragmatic in his political theory and therefore tries to answer these questions in a way that will create, in his mind, the best practical constitution that will produce the best life for the majority of men. For Aristotle, this a constitution ran by a large middle class. He bases his argument on the idea that virtue is a mean between two extremes. The best practical constitution then must lie between the two extremes of a democracy (rule by the poor) and an oligarchy (rule by the rich) (Reeve 1279b40-1280b5).
Following the famil... ... middle of paper ... ... prudence. If these actions, as described by Aristotle, are carried out then the best ruler will receive the consent of the ruled without compromising the uniqueness of the ruler. Had Coriolanus been moderate in his actions and applied Aristotle's belief of government and its relationship with man perhaps he would not have met his demise in the end. Aristotle's The Politics and Shakespeare's Tragedy of Coriolanus leave future generations with lessons on representative government. Coriolanus shows us how those deserving office should not go about seeking the consent of the ruled, while Aristotle provides a timeless observation of man and how government applies to his existence here on earth.
When we first viewed the ancient theorists, both Plato and Aristotle supported a form of aristocracy where the preeminent members of a state would rule. Because they were the most knowledgeable, wise, and virtuous, they would know what is best for a state and its citizens. But human nature has convinced us that without properly limiting its power, a government has the power to rule arbitrarily, succumb to corruption, and introduce great inequalities. Tocqueville, however, argues that the development of equality in the world has fundamentally changed our worries about government and that democracy has become the new standard. But because of the alluring nature of democracy, it’s extremely easy for people to overindulge, so we must be cautious and mindful of the spread of democracy.
Alfarabi, however, does admit that there can be weeds in his ideal city, but he contests that a virtuous city represents the greatest purpose that a government can have. In the virtuous city, peoples ' souls become actual and perfect through study, as they discover true happiness. He acknowledges that happiness ties parts of the city to one another, and give it a sense of consonance. Aristotle also agrees with Alfarabi, as Aristotle states that government can provide unity to
The answer lies in virtue. In particular, "human good turns out to be activity of the soul in accordance with virtue," (Aristotle, Ethics Book I). While some may think wealth is the final end, i... ... middle of paper ... ...tuous actions performed our citizenry lead Thebes towards eudaimonia, any force to the contrary, even the actions of Creon (the sovereign), would deter from societies' happiness. Like Socrates professed in word and deed, our country's physical and moral well being takes precedence over all other matters. In this case, finding Antigone not guilty will protect both of these necessities towards a good life.
Aristotle even had plans to minimize corruption, a big problem in most governments today (politics 1286a). If modern democratic countries based their political philosophies more on Aristotle’s theories, they could run smoother and do a better job of supporting the people, which is what democracies were made for in the first place. The polis is a partnership of citizens in a system of government that serves to achieve the common good. It is not just a place where people live together for defense against enemies and for the exchange of goods. It is rather a partnership between households, clans, and villages for the sake of a fully developed and self-sufficient life.
Aristotle said ¡§that life is best, both for the individuals and for the cities, which has virtue sufficiently supported by material wealth to enable it to perform the action that virtue calls for it¡¨. He feels that since man, as individuals, strives for happiness, then man, as a collective group, should strive for the happiness of the state. Since it is now established what the ideal state should aim for, we may begin at what and by the Ideal State is composed. The Ideal State, of which Aristotle thought of, has as its qualit... ... middle of paper ... ... trouble conceiving the world without such large nations, it may be that such large centrally run nations are just too big to control. Therefore, it is important to note that the largest and longest standing empire of the world is the Roman Empire, one that implicated small municipalities that were run in ways similar to the Aristotelian and ancient Greek ideals.
He wanted people to be servant to his laws because if the law were an order, it would make a good society. He ended up maintaining a government somewhat like a democracy, where the middle class is strong. Aristotle produced natural domination as one of his biggest theories. Aristotle believed that people were born into being a ruler or in slavery. He wanted people to accept what they are and do what they were born to do.
If there was no form of sovereignty the guardians, who are the upper class citizens, would go after all their wants and desires freely. This would cause pandemonium and violence within the state. Plato states that, “a city whose future rulers are least eager to rule will necessarily be the best governed and freest from strife, and the one with opposite rulers the worst” (520d). By this Plato means that the people who should keep the social classes in check and rule over the state should be people who are not interested in power, ruling over others, self-gain, or self-promotion. Plato says, "to become a good guardian, a man must be by nature fast, strong, and a spirited philosopher" (Plato 376e).