Prison Rehabilitation Case Study

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Historically, the prison system was formulated to house criminals before their trail or execution. Most cases had the prisoners paying for their own incarceration and conditions were dismal. Early conditions were deplorable, and it was not until 1787, that reform was presented by the Quakers. (Fagin, 2015). While the Walnut Street Jail in Philadelphia was successful at first, overcapacity became a rising issue, causing the practice of rehabilitating criminals and preparing them for successful reentry into society to be crushed. The Supreme Court in 2011 decided a new landmark case regarding the prison sentencing system. The Supreme Court decided in Pepper v. United States that lower circuit and appeals courts could use rehabilitation statistics of individuals to reconsider sentencing terms for offenders. If this be the case, rehabilitation is a significant enough role in the criminal justice system that it is reliable enough for sentencing variance (“Pepper v. United States, 2010). If the Supreme Court, commonly known as the highest law…show more content…
Even though Martinson’s research concluded that “nothing works”, he still revealed that there were programs that worked for certain populations. For instance, while not specifically a rehabilitation program, those who have been sentenced to probation or are released on parole have a better chance at not contributing to recidivism rates. Prison rehabilitation is still an experimental system, and while programs are successful on the individual level, there is still no empirical data to support that they work as a whole
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