Peter Mosko, “an assistant professor of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice at New York’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice” (Frazier) stated, “America, with 2.3 million people behind bars, has more prisoners than soldiers” (Frazier). There have been studies that have shown “there are more men and women in prison than ever before. The number of inmates grew by an average of 1,600 a week. The U. S. has the highest rate of crime in the world” (Clark). Because of this influx in inmates, many prisoners’ rights groups have filed lawsuits charging that “overcrowded prisons violate the Constitution’s 8th Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment” (Clark).
But when we look at a retributive style sentence there are also many concerns of are we just throwing that person in jail without getting them the help they need. The type of crime committed and the offender always need to be looked at in depth in any criminal case. Removing the racial disparity aspect of sentencing is something that will take time to overcome, but I feel can happen. There are structure and guidelines for sentencing, but judges have huge discretion when it comes to sentence they impose on an offender. Depending on the crime and the offender each sentencing option should be looked at.
Prisons and jails hold some similar characteristics but are completely different models in which they serve in the criminal justice system. Some of the types of crimes that America faces today are: violent crimes, property, white collar or organized crime, and public order crimes (Worrall, 2008). The criminal justice system sets the regulations and policies of how an offender will be held accountable for their inappropriate actions. The criminal justice system is a process that takes time and money from society. The following information will briefly discuss the main purposes for the jail and prison systems, which will focus on the length of sentencing, funding sources, and private sector ownership.
Retrieved April 19, 2012, from Fred Dngan's Home Page: http://www.fdungan.com/prison.htm McClatchy. (n.d.). Newspapers, M. D. Retrieved April 22, 2012, from McClatchy | News Politics Nation World Washington Economics Environment Opinion : http://www.mcclatchydc.com/2011/05/23/114573/supreme-court-californias-prison.html PBS. (2010, November 30). Supreme Court Examines Overcrowding in California Prison .
1111/lasr. 12140. Newman, W. J., & Scott , C. L. (2012). Brown V. Plata: Prison overcrowding in California. Journal of American Academy of Psychiatry and the law online , 40(4), 547.
19 Apr. 2014. Jones, Joshua A. "Assessing the Impact of "Three Strikes" Laws on Crime Rates and Prison Populations in California and Washington." Student Pulse.
It is important that law reforms do not only address criminal act but rather look into the matter of incarceration and issues associated with it with urgency as to reduce the number of incarceration rate. Tough on crime policies over the past has sent a lot of people in jail, some harsh policies have been enacted in state and federal legislature which have led to longer sentences, and three strike laws which put people in prison three times regardless of how small of the offense. Judges should lessen the number of penalties imposed on offenders for non-violent crimes. Inmates population can be reduced by reforming sentencing laws ( O ' Hear 2016). The court should find other ways of keeping them in the society, sentencing like probation, and other correctional programs can help reintegrate offenders back into the society, reduce incarceration rate and as well reduce the pressure the correction board has to go through managing crowded jails.
In addition to the various forms of shaming and deterring, the death penalty was a common punishment for criminal activity, such as hangings, stoning, or burning. Within these decades, prisons were occasionally used as an alternative to corporal punishment. However, as years went on society’s view of an individual’s liberties and humanity were changing thus changing the views of how criminal acts should be handled changed as well. Schmalleger writes that near the end of the eighteenth century is when the concept of imprisonment as punishment reached its fullest expression. The prisons that had been established and continually altered in the United States eventually become models for European reformers that were in hopes of creating a prison system that would humanize criminal punishment (Schmalleger, 2009).
Capital Punishment Everyone has a viewpoint on capital punishment, whether they think it is right or wrong, ethical or unethical, or if it should or shouldn 't abolished capital punishment. In this paper I am going to show you a few reasons on why not to abolish the capital punishment. The death penalty was created as a punishment for those criminals who submit very wrong criminals. For example rapist and murders are not in the same criminal spectrum as that of drug users and thieves. The death penalty is for that of very serious crimes because the death penalty is a very serious punishment for a crime, and can not be redone after preformed (Lewis).
USA Today. Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1272/is_2724_134/ai_n15380394/pg_2/ Bureau of Justice Statistics. (October 2008). Census of State and Federal Correctional facilities, 2005, (p1-2),. Retrieved from http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/pdf/csfcf05.pdf