No longer was type just needed for the publication of books and newspapers, but there was now a commercial need for advertisement. The 19th century witnessed an astonishing succession of new technologies, imaginative forms, and new functions for graphic design. It was an inventive and prolific period for new typeface designs, ranging from fanciful and outrageous novelty styles to entirely new categories of type such as Egyptians and sans serif. This is a topic worthy of study because the way in which communicate with the world says a lot about the people doing the communicating. This paper will argue that the industrial revolution allowed for the proliferation of fonts in the 19th century for two main reasons.
Journalism is rapidly evolving by combining old media with a new media of online contributors. The emergence of new media forms has changed the way news organisations, journalists and their audiences interact. New media is rapidly growing and having a significant effect on traditional journalism mediums such as the newspaper, radio and television. Many journalists see these vast and dramatic changes to the industry as both a threat and opportunity to their profession. This essay will seek to discuss how journalism, as a profession is being challenged by new media.
The vehicle by which the masses gather and form strong bonds through thoughts and ideas is still alive today and going through another revolution. Not since the arrival of the printing press in the 15th century has the publishing world gone through such profound change. Before the invention of the printing press, it might have taken a year or more for someone to hand copy a Bible. (Risk & Insurance 2007) The discussion of selling books under the old and new business models cannot be discussed without mentioning copyright and digital editions, or e-books. The compare and contrast of the old and new models coupled with the change in two of the more basic processes of marketing and selling books will better form an understanding of why the Internet has changed the way book companies approach a new business venture or expand an existing one and compete in an ever evolving market.
By having so much value and importance, the English language is considered significant in terms of forming ways of globalization and communication. Thus, the result of the three factors influencing the spread of English around the world created a valuable position for the English language to becoming a Lingua Franca. British Colonialism has influenced the spread of English in the world resulting the formation of a global language where people from different cultures are able to interact in a language that isn’t originally spoken in their respected countries’. In the memoir “By any other name”, Santha Rama Rau shows how the British forces colonized India in the mid-nineteenth century, and how the British’s presence greatly influenced the Indians way of behavior. In terms of linguistic influence, the British enforced the teaching of English as a first language as part of the schools’ curriculum (By Any Other Name).
Media can be defined as any means through which an idea is emitted, with the hope of inspiring a change, or simply to inform the public. In a generalized sense, the media has been around since Ancient times in writing, art, speeches, and countless other forms. Ancient form of press undoubtedly had an impact on society, but it was not until the mid-19th century that the media began to modernize and took on a new form that would yield even greater power over its audience. This period was a time of unremitting war, social progress, and economic fluctuation. Modern media’s advance during this era was no accident: the significant change and turmoil throughout the country was something that could not be ignored, therefore causing the press to take charge and publicize the issues that were occurring throughout the nation.
Many countries depend upon their colonies for raw materials and for their markets. In India, there were many impacts of colonialism, many of which can still be felt today. For example, under colonial rule, India was quite dependent on Great Britain for things such as technological advances and manufactured goods. Once India became independent, it began to fall behind the rest of the world. Another impact of colonialism was that the colonization of India led to the rapid spread of the English language.
Books, newspaper, magazines, newsletter and any other information printed on paper made up the print media. Paper printing changed to modern printing in the mid-fifteenth century when it was introduced to the printing press (Campbell, 2016). The printing press was a machine that was used for fast duplication of paper news leading to more rapid production. Paper media could be spread quicker and further than before. “Print media became key tools that commercial and political leaders
Journalism Today the term journalism is applied to prestigious publications such as The New York Times, and to television news operations such as 60 Minutes and NBC Nightly News. “ First amendment rights and the democratic political environment of the united states have contributed to the uninhibited growth of the news media in public and private communication.”1 the world of journalism has changed dramatically from the colonial days. When newspapers were just channels or devices of commercial and political information. SKILLS AND/OR APTITUDES With the new changes in technology, it has changed the nature of the journalism industry, making it vividly sophisticated and requiring a wide range of skills. There are four significant skills, to become an exquisite journalist; to be prepared, alert, persistent, there, and wary.
Internet and digitization had deeply affected media and publishing sectors; consequently, it created a new space for competition. The Newspaper Publishing industry, for example, according Kaczanowska (2013) is in a dying phase of its life cycle as escalating competition from other forms of media, particularly web-based outlets, limits its market, that’s why newspaper publishers are moving most of their content to digital platforms to maximize its value. Picard (2009) elaborates that journalism must innovate and create new means of gathering, processing, and distributing information so it provides content and services that readers, listeners, and viewers cannot receive elsewhere. Meanwhile, the economic foundation for the traditional newspaper businesses is collapsing and the gathering and distribution of news has become more widely dispersed (Downie Jr. & Schudson, 2009), while online there are no added costs for physical transport and delivery and therefore online distribution costs are significantly lower than the distribution of physical content (Boczkowski, 2005). The Internet which is a key ingredient in the recipe of democratization that is weakening dictatorships (Howard, 2011) and a tool empowering previously excluded groups (Mark Poster, 2001), provided people with access to acquiring information and access huge amounts of new and old information from traditional and new types of sources (Beam & Kosicki, 2014).
Electronic publishing has made work easier for millions of people around the world as they can have millions of pages of information at their fingertips. This information can be easily found, edited and updated much quicker than conventional or ‘manual’ methods. Electronic publishing was originally started for the purpose of being able to update and edit literary works and publications easily and efficiently. This is still the main driving force of electronic publishing today but now it is also used for many other reasons. However, electronic publishing does have disadvantages and flaws.