Principle Of Rule Of Law

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Rule of Law means the absolute predominance or supremacy of the ordinary law of the land over all citizens, no matter how powerful. It was first expounded by the UK law Professor , A. V. Dicey in his 1885 book 'Introduction To The Study Of Law Of The Constitution,' He propounded three principles of rule of law which have ,with time been expanded to be five. They are:
1. Principle of impartiality: This ensures that no one is punished of any offence except he/she has been found guilty by the court.
2. Principle of equality before the law: This ensures that every member of the society is treated equally.
3. Principle of fair hearing: This principle states that anyone arrested for an offence should be listened to through normal court process before
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A distinction is sometimes drawn between power, will, and force, on the one hand, and law, on the other. When a government official acts pursuant to an express provision of a written law, he acts within the rule of law. But when a government official acts without the imprimatur of any law, he or she does so by the sheer force of personal will and power.
Under the rule of law, no person may be prosecuted for an act that is not punishable by law. When the government seeks to punish someone for an offense that was not deemed criminal at the time it was committed, the rule of law is violated because the government exceeds its legal authority to punish. The rule of law requires that government impose liability only insofar as the law will allow. Government exceeds its authority when a person is held to answer for an act that was legally permissible at the outset but was retroactively made illegal.
The rule of law also requires the government to exercise its authority under the law. This requirement is sometimes explained with the phrase "no one is above the
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The various countries of the world are interconnected through trade and through exchange of thoughts and cultures. The interconnectedness has increased dramatically in recent times due to modern technology.
Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. The worldwide movement towards economic, financial, trade and communications integration.
Globalization implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across national frontiers. However, it does not include unhindered movement of labour and, as suggested by some economists, may hurt smaller or fragile economies if applied indiscriminately.
There is no argument as to the fact that globalization has been a good thing for many developing countries and Multi-national corporations who now have access to global markets and can export cheap
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