Its aim is to socialize the means of production distribution and exchange. Socialists believe that land and capital should belong to all but not to a few rich classes. Socialism would secure economic equality for all. Socialism is equalizer and leveler. Socialism eliminates antisocial form of competition, because competition is unfair which leads to wastefulness.
Many people in 1912, thought that capitalism was the right way to go about things, (such as upper class people, the Birlings and Gerald Croft who appear in the play) where as others thought that this was an incorrect way, and unfair such as lower class people, Inspector Goole and J.B Priestley. In "An Inspector Calls", Priestley tries to encourage socialism, and for it to over come capitalism. He tries to make a point that socialism is the correct way to go about things ... ... middle of paper ... ...l, and he shows demonstrations and examples on how to, and not to behave. Priestley wanted socialism to overcome capitalism, by using Mr Birling and Inspector Goole as examples of the differences between the two. Priestley uses Inspector Goole as a hero, he makes the socialist seem to be the nicer person of the two, and therefore encourage the viewers/ readers to have the same opinion or change their opinion to a "socialism rules, capitalism sucks" point of view.
French revolutionists Charles Fourier and Henri de Saint-Simon preached that socialism would end opposition from employers. They believe governments are able to be more just and distribute wealth and justice better than the common man. Socialism strives for more equality in income than is common and recommends collective ownership of the factors of production. It is the border between capitalism and communism. Marxism was begun by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the early 1800’s.
Capitalism, on the other hand, leads to unemployment, poverty, business cycles, and conflict between owners. Through socialism a nations wealth can be distributed more equally. Socialism is therefore based on cooperation rather than competition. Socialist believe that by creating an economic plan, farmers, manufacturers, workers, and governmen...
While Smith believed in competition, Marx believed that it only brought upon greed. Marx encouraged people to fight for what they believe in. Meanwhile Smith wanted to live peaceful and in harmony with each other. Marx encouraged the belief of everyone sharing as a means of equality. In conclusion, while Marx and Smith agreed on multiple key points their view on the roles of classes and distribution of goods and services greatly differ.
In othe... ... middle of paper ... ... was not part of Carnegie’s capitalistic ideas. Thus, the indulgence of capitalism altogether, the idealism involved and more considerate, the people, and the economy of the state took a different turn with Smith, Marx, and Carnegie. In conclusion, even though in mutual aid Andrew Carnegie, Adam Smith, and Karl Marx approved on only some core ideas, they clashed on the methods of production of goods and services as well as the way resources were distributed (Weir 121). Marx advocated for a revolution to end the feudal system of the bourgeoisie while Smith fought for stability and peace over the former theory. Carnegie surrounded himself with the best capitalism ideas, becoming one of the wealthiest Americans (Weir 115).
Under the leader Lenin and Stalin Socialism has taken on various forms, paying some gratitude to some Marxist teachings whilst abandoning Marxism upon a totalitarian whim. The defining feature of communism that separates it apart most from other ideologies is the core value of equality. By this Socialists measure equality of outcome within society. They are not content with the Liberal ‘equality of opportunity’ or ‘formal equality’. However, although equality of outcome is socialisms most defining feature it is also the source of most inter-ideological conflict.
Marin Kessler, a literary essayist, agrees that these 'utopians…had hoped to construct a perfect society in which men and women could enjoy that ultimate degree of happiness which, it was implied denied through the folly and wickedness of their present rulers'; (304). Besides being founded on the concept of a Utopia, the revolutionaries believe they could achieve their goals through Ingsoc, a variation on English socialism (named justly). The main concept of socialism is its stress on social equality, so much that the government distributes any possessions equally. In reality, this policy sought to destroy individual property, instead emphasizing collective property, owned by the government for the ultimate purpose of equality. Socialism is also often considered the politics of the working class and lower régime, since they actually benefited from it.
The Purpose of the Inspector in the Play An Inspector Calls An Inspector Calls by J.B Priestly was first performed in 1945. The play was set in 1912 before the war; it centres around the wealthy Birling family. A visit from the mysterious Inspector Goole proves to be a horrifying experience for the Birling's as they learn that they have all played a part in the suicide of a young girl called Eva Smith. The 'moral' of the play is was to encourage people to take responsibility for their actions, not to shift the blame on to others. Priestly attempts to convey his attitudes and ideas through the characters in the play.
Analysis of 'An Inspector Calls' by J.B. Priestly ‘An Inspector Calls’ is a twentieth century drama written by J.B. Priestly in 1947 but takes place in 1912. This story is about the Birling family celebrating their daughter, Sheila’s engagement to Gerald Croft. A few pages into the story, an Inspector called Goole which means ‘spirit in death’ interrogates the family and the story of Eva’s death unfolds. As it progresses each character realises their connection to her tragic death. Behind this story there are many meanings or points that Priestly wanted to get across, especially his views on socialists and capitalists.