Prenatal Care : An Essential Aspect Of A Pregnancy

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Prenatal care is an essential aspect of a pregnancy in terms of child development. Depending on whether the mother received adequate prenatal care, there could be problems with the child 's development (Santrock, 2016). Prenatal care might differ depending on the era of pregnancy. For example, a 21st century 's mother might more access to information due to technology as opposed to a 16th or 17th century 's mother. Could this have played a role in the type of prenatal care each mother engaged in during her pregnancy period? Another reason could be a difference in cultural beliefs which might influence a mother 's prenatal behavior. The first mother 's child was born on 27 September 1997 (19 years old). She is from an African descent (Nigeria). Because Nigeria is a developing country, she claimed that she didn 't have access to a lot of information about prenatal care, so she strictly followed her physician’s instructions. According to her, she only ate fruits for the first trimester due to intense morning sickness and nausea. Her diet changed after the fourth month; she began eating normal food with little to no restrictions. Her culture required that she increase her intake of protein such as meat, beans, groundnut, eggs etc. and reduce intake of carbohydrates in order for the baby to grow healthy and to prevent baby fat which could lead to childbirth complications. Also, she indicated that she drank a lot of water and fresh milk to prevent constipation, ate lots of vegetables, and drank blended jute leaves for the baby to have good skin and develop a good immune system against infections. She took vitamin B complex (folic acid), multivitamin (Ferris), blood tonic (obron6) to purify the blood, and a medication for malaria prev... ... middle of paper ... ... in the fetus. Also, it leads to increased body functioning, positive mental state, and prevents constipation. In addition, they only took medications safely prescribed by their physician. There was no illicit drug intake or exposure to teratogens such as nicotine, maternal diseases, environmental pollutants or chemicals, incompatible blood types, etc. which can potentially cause a physical birth defect (Santrock, 2016). In conclusion, both mothers obtained prenatally and made some significant changes during their pregnancy period, regardless of their culture or generational gap; however, the second mother would be considered to have had more proper and adequate prenatal care based on the medical recommendations (Santrock, 2016). This could be as a result of having more access to prenatal information than the first mother in terms of their environment and technology.
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