Modernist such as Kafka, Woolf and Toomer influence literature constantly reform reshape society with a variety of theme of their of personal life and life during the 19th, 20th. In order to understand the modernist movement and the influence in society we have to analysis Franz Kafka. Kafka modernist patterns and system were unique, disturbing, symbolic fictions in his works made him one of twentieth century's influential writers. Kafka use of troubling, ironic, expressionistic in his novels often dealing with alienation trapped his central character in complex situations beyond their knowledge and control. Kafka novel The Metamorphosis starts with Gregor waking up into bug.
Modernist authors force the reader to take a look within themselves and question who they really are, and why. Two authors that undertook these questions with great skill, would be William Faulkner and Richard Wright. These two authors are excellent examples of the modernist movement, because they experimented with identity in different ways. Richard Wright explored the relationship between the self and the historical, social, and political environment, and Faulkner, examined questions of alienation and identity of the self within the individual. Both authors contributed their ideas amazingly, and were viewed as crucial writers of the modernist movement.
Eliot. T.S Eliot’s Preludes and The Love Song of J.Alfred. Prufrock, are examples of modernist poetry which illustrate the concerns of modernist poets. The modern era, which lasted between 1885 to 1940 was concerned with challenging the traditional views of life. In terms of literature, Eliot was a leading figure in challenging the style and verse of traditional romantic poetry.
Instead, they chose to tell fragmented stories and poems that reflected society in the era of World War I and challenge popular beliefs. (Dugan). They were experimental and unique while they also demonstrated a poetic license. When she first started writing, Millay was clearly a modernist. She acted as a bohemian figure that was active in the problems of society, which was displayed in the various events in which she protested.
Modernism is a movement that began in the early 1900’s as a way to break from traditional thinking and move forward into a new way of thinking about the ever-evolving world and its impact on society. Professor Mary Klages offers her thoughts on Modernism and the characteristics it holds as well as her thoughts on postmodernism, a movement that later followed Modernism, in her paper titled “Postmodernism.” In Arthur Miller’s essay titled Tragedy and the Common Man, Miller gives his ideas on Tragedy and the tragic hero, elements of modernism that can be found in his play Death of a Salesman. David Mamet’s Glengarry Glen Ross is a play that showcases the characteristics Klages writes in her paper that are found in Postmodernism works. Although both Miller and Mamet’s plays deal with salesmen and the troubles of capitalism brought forth in such a stressful and competitive field, the way each author tells their story sets each work apart and categorizes it into a Modernism or Postmodernism category. Professor Klages’ in her essay, “Postmodernism” spends quite some time writing about Modernism since it predates Postmodernism.
Catherine Mansfield, Elizabeth Bishop and William Carlos Williams were poets and writers of short fiction that belonged to the Modernist movement. The movement itself was triggered mostly by the industrial revolution and the horrors of World War I. It was an inter-continental movement and spread into all spheres and disciplines, such as art, philosophy, literature, architecture, music, culture and so on. During the movement of modernism, the individual moved into the spotlight, and it the human subjectivity and self-consciousness was themes around which most of the art and literary worked evolved. Modernist writers adopted the stream of consciousness; a literary technique used to describe the workings of the mind, and the ways in which thoughts and feelings combined to create a subjective reality.
When seeking to describe or analyze Modernist literature, and the Modernist era as a whole, it is essential to keep in mind that these writers were challenging many core beliefs regarding being, both in relation to one’s self, as well as in the external world. Out of the many things Modernist literature does, one of the arguable contentions is that Modernity seeks to collapse the idea that the external and internal are separate. In modern writing, writers such as Joyce and Woolf make a move to disrupt traditional literary forms to push the concepts of truth, belief, and knowledge through the synthesis of experience in the visceral/physical world. Instead of direct being-in-the-world experience “playing the strings” of human perception and interpretation, modernist writers began using the sublime confrontation of the unfamiliar to push the limits of understanding, interpretation, and perspective to provoke new and/or alternate ways of looking at a world that often progressed faster than the existing structures of knowledge and order could compensate for in a direct and linear manner. However, Modernist views can be interpreted and viewed in any number of ways; a challenge or reversal of the internal impressing upon the external experience of egotistical sublime type of thinking, a la Wordsworth and the Romantic era poets; Or how the world plays us, even as we perceive we are playing with the world.
Methodological Introduction New historicism is premised upon an ideological attempt to wed the practice of history and literary criticism. In this type of textual analysis, the literary work is juxtaposed with historical events (characteristic of the time period in which the work was produced) in an effort to understand the implications within the text. This line of inquiry serves to recover a "historical consciousness" which may be utilized in the rendering of literary theory. "Poems and novels came to be seen in isolation, as urnlike objects of precious beauty. The new historicists, whatever their differences and however defined, want us to see that even the most unlike poems are caught in a web of historical conditions, relationships, and influences.
Conclusively, throughout Don Quixote, Miguel Cervantes explores the transformation of reality. By doing this, he critiques and reflects conventional societal literary norms. In three distinct scenes, Don Quixote or his partner, Sancho, transform reality. Often they are met with other’s discontent. It is through the innkeeper scene, the windmill scene, the Benedictine friar scene, and Quixote’s deathbed scene that Cervantes contemplates revolutionary philosophies and literary techniques.