The Maya Civilization The ancient Maya once occupied a vast geographic area in Central America. Their civilization inhabited an area that encompasses Mexico's Yucatan peninsula and parts of the states of Chiapas and Tabasco, as well as Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. "From the third to the ninth century, Maya civilization produced awe-inspiring temples and pyramids, highly accurate calendars, mathematics and hieroglyphics, and a complex social and political order" ("Collapse..." 1). Urban centers were important to the Maya during the Classic period; they offered the Mayans a central place to practice religion. The Mayan culture can be traced back to 1500 BC, entering the Classic period about 300 AD and flourishing between 600 and 900 AD.
The Aztec The Aztec was a culture that dominated the Valley of Mexico in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. All the Nahua-speaking peoples in the Valley of Mexico were Aztecs, while the culture that dominated the area called the Tenochca. At the time of the European conquest, they called themselves either "Tenochca" or "Toltec," which was the name assumed by the bearers of the Classic Mesoamerican culture. Sadly, the many of the Aztec didn't survive after the arrival of the Europeans. But during the earlier years, the Aztec became one of the most advanced civilizations because of their religion, war, and agriculture.
The Aztecs were an American Indian people who ruled a mighty empire in Mexico from the 1400's to the 1500's. The Aztecs had one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas and built cities as large as any in Europe at that time. They also practiced a remarkable religion that affected every part of their lives and featured human sacrifice. The Aztecs built towering temples, created huge sculptures, and held impressive ceremonies all for the purpose of worshipping their gods. The Spaniards destroyed their magnificent empire in the year 1521, but the Aztecs left a lasting mark on Mexican life and culture .
The Aztec and Maya were both American Indian people. The Aztec were ruled by a mighty empire in Mexico during the 1400's and early 1500's. The Maya however, developed a magnificent civilization in Central America and Southern Mexico. Both civilizations contributed a great deal to the modern world and invented items that are still used today. According to the Aztec Legend, the ancestors of the people who founded Tenochtitlan, came to the Valley of Mexico.
The main two groups of people that comprised the Aztecs were the Mexica and the Nahuatl-speakers. Politically, socially and economically, the Aztecs were strong and prominent. This is what helped them stay in power for so long, but also eventually led to their ultimate demise. They took over much of central Mexico; conquering parts of Oaxaca, Guatemala and the Gulf Coast. They built temples, roads, worked on religious hierarchy and created a working society.
Art and Architecture in Mexico. , 2013. Print. Oles, James, and Karen Cordero. South of the Border: Mexico in the American Imagination, 1914-1947.
The Moche civilization was a pre-Inca culture, settled on the north coast of Peru, also knowing as a Mochicas culture. (Historia Universal, 2011). Moche culture were recognized as “Los maestros artesanos" meaning "The master craftsmen" and "grandes constructores de ciudades" meaning “The great builders of cities," because their great skills to create beautiful pottery describing the daily life, religious and beliefs. (Historia Universal, 2011). Todays days what we have of the Moche culture is the value anthropological work display in some of the Peruvian Museum because this ancient group disappearance around 600 to 700 years is unknown, but could have been started by a drought of 30 years in the late sixth century followed by a period of flooding caused by bad weather conditions of the time.
Many attacks and assaults from the Spanish conquistadors, European diseases, and selfish kings to finally bring an end to their influence on the world. The Aztecs were the first major civilization to rule the area of Central and South America. They are also sometimes known as the Mexicas, but we refer to them the Aztecs. They might not have been a huge empire when they began, and never really had the land area that many empires of their time could boast, but nevertheless had a great influence on Europe and Spain in particular. The Aztec Empire also ranges to the Aztec Triple Alliance.
Aztec Empire The Aztec Empire was a Native American state that ruled much of what is now Mexico from about 1427 until 1521, when the empire was conquered by the Spaniards. The empire represented the highest point in the development of the rich Aztec civilization that had begun more than a century earlier. At the height of their power, the Aztec controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala. The Aztec built great cities and developed a complex social, political, and religious structure. Their capital, Tenochitlan, was located on the site of present-day Mexico City.
However, the invention in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica that holds the most significance is the development of chinampa agriculture. The Aztecs utilized many farming techniques to feed their ever growing population, but since Tenochtitlan was built on swampy land, chinampas were the main food production (Jaime Cóttrill C.). Although the Aztecs adapted and popularized the chinampa agriculture, the Xochimilca were the first to develop this raised-bed agriculture. The Aztecs came to use the chinampas after expanding their empire into the Basin of Mexico and conquering the people native to the region, the Xochimilca. The Xochimilca people had settled on a small peninsula jutting out into Lake Xochimilco; hence their name.