Landell-Mills, N. and Porras, I. (2002). ‘Silver Bullet or Fools’ Gold? A global review of markets for forest environmental services and their impact on the poor’, International Institute for Environment and Development. London Peskett, l. et al.
However, the big question is what are the factors that lead to deforestation. The proximate causes are activities committed by humans such as infrastructure and agricultural expansion, wood extraction and more. These causes are lead and triggered by demographic, economic, cultural, policy and institutional and technological factors (Geist & Lambin, 2002). It is undeniable that population pressure is one of the greatest factor for tropical deforestation. The relationship between the population size and deforestation is quiet evident.
The benefits of restoring degraded lands are the services that have been lost from resource extractions, these ecosystem services provide importance processes that are unrestricted to expenses, and are low maintenance (David Suzuki Foundation, 2008). The primary discussion of this report will be on the economic aspect relatively to ecosystem services of ecological restoration, the social, political, and technological aspects of ecological restoration will also be looked at will be discussed. Economic Aspect The complexity of nature has made it difficult to put a price on it and the services it provides. Many environmental groups have put a price on ecosystem services in order provide socioeconomic aspect to many political discussions. This has been u... ... middle of paper ... ...ntroduction – Second Edition.
Thus, terrestrial protected areas and international agreements are necessary to preserve habitat and halt biodiversity loss. The collapse of biodiversity would be one of the most serious issues that result from globalization. As remarked by Scholte(as cited in Hansen, 2010), the extinction rate has been exponentially increasing since 1995. According to Leakey & Lewin(as cited in Hansen, 2010), it is believed that unregulated trades and encouraged consumption have negative impacts on the loss of biodiversity and dramatically increased extinction rates. Moreover, biodiversity is fundamental to economic growth and approximate 40% of trades are based on biological products (Gabriel, 2007).
Richards, John F., and Richard P. Tucker. World Deforestation in the Twentieth Century. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1988. Schmidt, Ralph, Joyce K. Berry, John C. Gordon. Forests to Fight Poverty.
Today they say that we are free, Only to be chained in poverty -- Bob Marley This paper will discuss poverty, the different types of poverty and their definitions and who is affected by each type of poverty. It will look at the some of the major reasons why poverty exists and what causes poverty, like such things as inequality, stratification and international debt. Some of the impacts of poverty will also be analyzed from a national and global perspective; things like education, literacy rate, and crime. This paper will demonstrate that poverty affects almost everyone in some form or another and exists because those with power and wealth want and need poverty to exist to force a dependence on the wealthy. A few of the main approaches that this is achieved is through economic systems, influencing government policies, and global stratification.
Eradication of poverty tends to be the prime aims of governments worldwide. Lack of proper nutrition is a major cause contributing to poverty. Improving agricultural standards can help in producing more food and thus counter the lack of food factor. One way to improve agricultural standards is to develop the irrigation methods used. Irrigation is closely related to poverty.
I will emphasize the importance of this measure on a global scale, and measure the means by which are needed to correlate in helping to reduce leve... ... middle of paper ... ...lready by the REDD+ program (reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation) (Hubert) Works Cited Afrol News - Forests and deforestation in Africa- the wasting of an immense resource. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.afrol.com/features/10278 Bellassen, V., & Gitz, V. (2008). Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation in Cameroon — Assessing costs and benefits. Ecological Economics, 68(1-2), 336-344. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2008.03.015 Tropical deforestation for palm oil in Cameroon.
Global wealth and technically advanced capabilities may be at their highest levels yet, but the distribution of these gains is tremendously unequal. The increasing rates of poverty throughout many countries in the world and the imbalance of wealth leads me to believe that the rich have a moral obligation to help those who are less fortunate. According t... ... middle of paper ... ... and improving sanitation conditions would better the life of the poor. If people would be willing to make small contributions to the poor, poverty rates could possibly begin to decline altogether. If the extremes of relative wealth and poverty are diminished I believe it would lead to a world where being absolutely poor no longer exits.
However, with time has come a realization that the bulk of disasters are because of interactions among human beings. This has led to the emergence of new theories... ... middle of paper ... ...y invest in reclaiming the land and the nomadic pastoral life styles are perceived as the greatest impediment to converting the arid area to useful agricultural land. References Alexander, W. J. (2009) Coping Study on Risk and Society. Paper presented at the IDNDR Programme Forum 1999 “Partnerships for a Safer World in the 21st Century”.