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What is poverty? Poverty can be defined in many different ways but according to the encyclopedia, poverty is the lack of many things like basic human needs, for example clean and fresh water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter. The inability to afford them is what causes poverty. The cause and effect of poverty placed in many different places. Some may say that poverty can be the result from lack of money but the truth lies deeper than that. The purpose of this paper is to discuss some of the major causes and sub causes, as well as effects of poverty. Some are education, hunger, health insurance, homelessness, crimes and some of the sub causes as depression, obesity, substandard housing and stress.
When one hears poverty they think of having no money or a house and being on the streets like a homeless person. That is in fact true but, poverty is more than that it is more widespread across income levels. Not just those at the absolute bottom of income earned and wages. 12% of Americans are unable to meet their basic needs 20% being 18 years or younger (mit.edu). Poverty does not just affect people on the individual level it also can have effects on communities as a whole.
Poverty is not having the money to meet a human’s basic needs. It’s the lack of shelter and education. It’s having poor health because you don’t have the money or transportation to access a doctor. It’s parents not being able to send their kids to birthday parties, or on school field trips (WhatisPoverty.com). There are two horrible types of poverty. The first type is absolute poverty. This type is extremely life threatening. It is when a person does not have the necessities to survive like food, water, shelter, and sometimes even clothing. Undeveloped countries in Africa, and Asia have a high percentage of this kind of poverty. These people often get less than $1.25 a day. The second type is relative poverty. This is when a single person or a whole family doesn’t have as many resources or as much money as the people around them. It is comparing where you live, how much money you have, etc. to the other people in your society. Poverty is not always obvious, you don’t have to be homeless to be in poverty (Lusted 8-10).
In talking about poverty, it is very broad. You can talk about poverty in our lives, poverty in spiritual life, and other things that we experienced poverty. Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not being able to go to school, not knowing how to read, and not being able to speak properly. Poverty is not having job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water. Poverty is powerlessness, and lack of freedom.
“Poverty is a lifelong sentence to ill health and socioeconomic disadvantages.”(Author name) Poverty is one of the major leading causes of obesity in America today. Less fortunate families have a limited food budget and sometimes less access to healthy food choices. Many causes that come from poverty contribute to child obesity for example many find it difficult to support extracurricular activities so children sit in front of the T.V. eating. Economic insecurity can lead to stress and people often handle stress by eating high fat or sugary foods. Parents and children both have problems that steam from poverty and if the parents don’t have a lot of education they will stay in poverty because jobs are hard to find. A professor at Western Reserve University found that obese women make 9% less money, have 1.5 fewer years of education, have an average 3 fewer years of work experience, and are less likely to get married. Anyone in poverty is more likely to become fat then in turn sick and unless their children break the cycle it will continue to happen. (Engber)(Hunnicutt)
Divorce is most commonly followed by an economic or financial issues that impact the people of families that are involved with the divorce. It also affects the government and taxpayers in the form of increased funds or increased taxes to be paid or given to the people who need it. These people of divorce affected by poverty will need help to be able to live in a good house, have medical assistance, food, utility, and many other things (Schramm, D., Harris, S., Whiting, J., Hawkins, A., Brown, M., & Porter, R., 2013). The funds that people pay in taxes helps the people who are living in poverty have a better living environment then just having a barely up to par house or other needs of the family. The funds also gives people in poverty the funds to be able to provide: food, utilities, medical care, and other things.
This topic about helping poor people get out of poverty is a critical issue. Almost 800 million people across the globe, most of them children, live with hunger or malnutrition as a regular fact of life. They live in desperate poverty, which means they die younger than they should, struggle with hunger and disease, and live with little hope and less opportunity for a life of dignity (USCCB). Poverty poses a dramatic problem of justice; in its various forms and with its various effects, it is characterized by an unequal growth that does not recognize the "equal right of all people to take their seat ‘at the table of the common banquet' (Social Doctrine of the Church) ."
What does it mean for someone to be on the lines of poverty or living in poverty? What is this word that is falsely used and missed analyzed? Poverty is the state of being extremely poor or being inferior in quality or insufficient in amount. In 2010, 16.4 million children, or 22.0 percent, were poor in the United States alone. (Tanner, 2014) The poverty rate for children also varies substantially by race and origin. If the rate of poverty continues to rise, will there be any hope left in humanity? The real question is not what is poverty but why is there so many people living in it. The ideal job of the government (federal and state) is to create a better/safer environment for the people. The model the “government” campaign is that everything they do is for the “benefit” of the people. When does the word “benefit” come into play when twenty-two percent of the population cannot supply a place for their children to sleep, put food on the table, and get a job that pays well enough to support their family. Are there any real benefits knowing families living in poverty have only one percent of a chance of getting out? Who is to blame? Where and how did this problem all start? What is this so called “government” doing to help stop the increasing rate of poverty? As you read this essay, it will explain what it means to be truly poor and why the government does so little to help. Include real stories from people living in poverty, what the government is doing to help (and if it’s enough), and is the problem of poverty becoming worst or slowly rising to become better.
Several contributing factors can be viewed as reasons for crime. Depending on the circumstances, it can sometimes be very difficult to resist the temptation to commit a crime. It is even harder when you are coming from a place where crime is considered to be a normal part of society and looked at as a way of daily living that is supposed to be incorporated into daily lifestyles, hence the city we are not too far from: Fresno. In fact, by having a city or group of cities nearby where violence, crime, and gangs are abundant, it has given me an incentive to dig deeper into this issue. Now the question can be posed: What is the significance of crime in areas where poverty is present? True, this is not an easy question to answer considering that crime happens for many different reasons and sometimes location is not the problem. The origin of crime date back to the beginning of man, and the thing is it will never be stopped, as it is almost a part of human nature nowadays. But for now, we must study how crime and poverty are linked to one another, and what other contributing factors influence the effect of crime where poverty is relevant.
Growing up in America, I have witnessed and heard about many incidents in which America has deviated from a country that prides itself on freedom and opportunity. I have heard of instances of police brutality, of African American men, women, and children, who have gotten hurt, even killed, of instances where due to inherent racism, people of different races are thought of as “inferior”; of the protests and grievances of women who have not had an equal opportunity in life, and who have been put at such a low position in society, only to have their voices concealed by the louder voices of men who counter with “be grateful for what you got” or “it could have been worse,” as if that completely absolves everything that they have faced; and of the homeless out on the streets begging for money, only to be met with the condescending faces of people who possess more than enough money but are
Poverty and inequality exist in every developed culture and often are only patched in order for society to continue upwardly. Poverty and inequality in the United States exists for many reasons; reasons that very from the prospective lens. Interpretive theories in particular ask us to question our reality and its constructs. Interpretive theories require us to looks at the world as a social realm, one that we created and constantly change. Interpretive theories study the relationship between power and the construction of social roles as well as the invisible collection of patterns and habits that make up domination, (Delgado &ump; Stefanic, 2001). Susan Kemp argues that the view of the world is dominated by the experiences of white western males often of the bourgeoisie, (2001). Within the social realm, the way we look at our world and those in it varies drastically. Two specific interpretive theories view poverty and inequality in different ways, but both on the basis of social construction. In these theories, things have meanings only on what we designate them to mean, without definitions they wouldn’t exist. Both race and gender are social constructs that in this modern world often work interchangeably through the social realm. Society and the social realm are under constant negotiation and change. While often forgotten race and gender are social constructs and not biological aspects of humans. Different racial groups experience reality in separate, unique ways. These differences occur at all levels: micro, mezzo and macro, (Swignoski &ump;Raheim, 2011). Critical Race Theory and Feminist theory look at the social realm through specific lenses and offer explanations for many social issues, including poverty and inequality.
Poverty can be split into three categories: Extreme (or absolute) poverty; Moderate poverty and Relative poverty. Extreme poverty is defined as living on less than 1 US Dollar a day which ‘means not being able to afford the most basic necessities to ensure survival’. Moderate poverty is defined as ‘earning about $1 to $2 a day, which enables households to just barely meet their basic needs’. Finally, Relative poverty is ‘where a household has an income below the national average’ . Because, by definition, poverty in itself cannot be eradicated unless we live in a state where everyone earns the same amount of money, I will focus my topic around extreme poverty, which approximately 8 million people die from every year worldwide, but involving elements of moderate poverty. It is estimated that over 1 billion people worldwide live in extreme poverty as of 2006.
Persistent issues like race and genders are contributing to poverty in US. Discrimination against races like the African-Americans, Latinos, American-Indians and discrimination against the minorities with gender issues like those same-sex couples make poverty a great issue among the minorities.
When there’s enough money in the world to provide education, clean water, and basic health and nutrition to all, one could question why “at least 80% of humanity lives on less than $10 a day” (Shah). Poverty, generally defined in two different methods, is “one of several socioeconomic indicators” (Bishaw), which suggests how efficiently a country achieves its “successful development,” such as giving people access to all basics needs of life, including food, water, clothing, and education (Shah). Using a relative definition, anyone who has less wealth and income relative to others in a certain population is considered poor (Dudley 55). In contrast to this relative measure, an absolute measurement sets a minimum standard of income and wealth, regardless of how many people are above or below the standard (56). According to the American Community Survey Briefs conducted by the United States Census Bureau, “in 2011, about 15.9 percent of the U.S. population had income below the poverty level, an increase from 15.3 percent in 2010” (Bishaw). The causes of poverty that has widened the gap between the rich and the poor are to be contemplated with more careful lens, whether it is an exploitation of authority power or unsuccessful results of previous attempts at providing aid to those in need. By examining some primary driving forces of the poverty issue, it’s painfully clear that shifting spending priorities could alleviate a significant portion of the inequity, an obvious solution to this confounding issue.