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Postmodernity as the Climax of Modernity: Horizons of the Cultural Future

analytical Essay
3573 words
3573 words
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Postmodernity as the Climax of Modernity: Horizons of the Cultural Future

ABSTRACT: Given that any society is endowed not only with a set of institutions but also with the particular pattern of self-reflection and self-description, postmodernity should be viewed as an epoch representing the climax of modernity and its self-refutation. Parting with traditional society, modernity represents the triumph of power-knowledge, the divorce between spheres of culture, the global social relations, the new institutions, the change in the understanding of space-time relations, the cult of the new, and the modernization process. While preserving the institutional set of modernity, the postmodern period casts into doubt the basic thought foundations of classical modernity. The horizons of the emerging cultural future should be viewed in the light of a positive synthesis of the postmodern reflexive pattern with the legacy of modernity.

The final of the 20-th century became an epoch of the radical reconsideration of the legacy of modernity. Beginning from the fifties, the new postclassical period of development of Western culture and society appeared as a specific reality that was more radically coined by the end of sixties-beginning of seventies when, with the growth of the feeling of a radical break with the past, a pattern of postmodernist cultural reflection obtained its definite popularity. Philosophers and historians of culture are intensively debating the question whether the coming of this period marked the end of modernity or its climax opening the horizons of the completely unknown future . In any event, the change of the pattern of cultural reflection looks very important and deserves special attention for it evidently reveals...

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Baudrillard, Jean. The Illusion of the End. Cambridge: Polity Press,1994. Bernstein, Richard. The New Constellation. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1995.

Foucault, Michel. Politics. Philosophy. Culture. New York: Routledge, 1988.

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Rorty, Richard. Contingency, Irony, and Solidarity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Vattimo, Gianni. The End of Modernity. Oxford: Polity Press, 1991.

White, Stephen. Political Theory and Postmodernism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

In this essay, the author

  • Argues that postmodernity should be viewed as an epoch representing the climax of modernity and its self-refutation.
  • Explains that the 20th century was an epoch of the radical reconsideration of modernity's legacy. the pattern of postmodernist cultural reflection reveals the coming of a new period in history.
  • Compares the contemporary cultural situation with the classical stage of modernity. the triumph of formal rationality and calculative approach to the universe desacralize the world and leads to a total divorce of the spheres of truth, beauty, and good
  • Analyzes how foucault explained the mechanism of the disciplinary society in the new age european history.
  • Explains how modernity brought with it the global dimension of social relations, which was the natural outcome of the development of capitalist society.
  • Explains that the change in space-time perception could be explained in terms of their liberation from the local context due to the global social relations on the basis of commodity-monetary exchange
  • Analyzes how the western civilization organized on the national state basis produced new forms of universalism implanted in the context of other cultures.
  • Explains that the culture of modernity was inspired by the spirit of innovation, the permanent desire to create the previously unknown results in all possible areas from science to artistic activity.
  • Explains that humanism, rationalism, and substantialist pictures of historical progress crowned by global utopias of the future constituted the basis of self-identity that prevailed in the western civilization of modernity period.
  • Analyzes how giddens' interpretation of postmodernism is not an argument in favor of the definition of contemporary epoch as "postmodern."
  • Analyzes how g. vattimo's postmodern key emphasizes the signs of its break with the foundations of classical modernity.
  • Analyzes how lyotard and giddens are in agreement regarding the importance of the emerging new pattern of reflection, but the french theorist considers it a sufficient ground to speak about the new epoch
  • Concludes that postmodernity should be viewed as an epoch representing the climax of modernity and its self-refutation.
  • Analyzes how the revival of romantic ironic reflection is a symptom of the general crisis of metaphysical thought.
  • Analyzes how the change of time-space perception is in the focus of attention of the theorists of postmodernity.
  • Explains that the postmodern ironist is totally possessed by the spirit of aesthetic game with tradition. the ironic oblivion of the rationalist platform goes hand in hand with the attack on all metanarrative theories.
  • Opines that postmodernism is a fruit of the western world and that its conceptual basis should be reconsidered in the contemporary west.
  • Analyzes how the postmodernist reflection, contrary to its dominant orientation, is stimulating the search for a positive perspective. ironic reflection damages metanarrative constructions and global utopias of the future.
  • Argues that postmodernists should be particularly interested in the relations between language and rational structure of thought, sense and emotional human relations to the world.
  • Argues that contemporary interpretations of history are based on the idea of the variety of civilizations engaged in an active dialogue in diachronic and synchronic perspectives.
  • Argues that postmodernism is a false problem due to the incompatibility of different cultures.
  • Opines that postmodernism catalyzes modernization, giving it a qualitative new dimension.
  • Explains that baudrillard, jean, the illusion of the end, and bernstein, richard. the new constellation.
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