Post World War II: Hungarian´s Goal to Achieve Freedom from the Communists

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Post World War II, Hungary represented most factors of the post-war destruction in Europe. Soon after, the U.S.S.R. liberated many countries, including this one. Much of Europe, once occupied by Nazi Germany, became dominated by Communist Russia and those who fought back were crushed under the iron rule of Joseph Stalin. In February 1943 he assisted budding communist, Matyas Rakosi, in turning Hungary into a Socialist Republic. After Stalin passed away, Eastern European countries made strong efforts to break the tyrannical power of the Soviet Union. In July of 1953, Imre Nagy was chosen to be the Chairman of the Council of Ministers. Shortly after in April, 1955 he was expelled from the Communist Party for having liberal policies. In February of 1956, the newly chosen Russian leader Khruschev began the process of renewing Communist principles. Unfortunately, this radical style of ruling ended in over 300,000 Hungarians being exiled, imprisoned or killed. Khruschev began to win back support by taking Rakosi out of office, claiming that he was mentally unbalanced in a peaceful gesture towards the Hungarians. No more was done to change the still occurring oppressive behavior though. The relationship between principles and practice in regards to the Hungarian Revolution during the Cold War was centered around the hope that after Joseph Stalin’s death in 1953, Hungarians would be peacefully liberated from the Communist rule of the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), but this was only achieved after a rebellion. Before World War II had been won, Hungary was Nazi Germany’s last ally. This took a huge toll on their resources (such as their agricultural production, since the able-bodied workers were recruited into the army and wo... ... middle of paper ... ...ough Communism absurd and unrealistic. The principle for the Hungarians was to achieve freedom from the Communist Government which had taken power after World War II, but the practice (what actually happened) was that no actions were taken against the oppressive ruling of the Soviets until Stalin died. Over the course of the Hungarian Revolution, it was established that the U.S.S.R. was becoming a strongly dominant power in Eastern Europe. Even though change was promised and partially delivered, there was never a full freedom achieved. This raised new issues which set Cold War tensions between Soviet Russia and the United Nations. After much protesting and effort, the Soviet Union held firm and continued to oppress the people of Hungary. Even though it may seem that basic human rights and freedoms shouldn’t have to be fought for, this revolution proved otherwise.

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