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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

explanatory Essay
2178 words
2178 words
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Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a relatively new diagnosis that was associated with survivors of war when it was first introduced. Its diagnosis was met largely with skepticism and dismissal by the public of the validity of the illness. PTSD was only widely accepted when it was included as a diagnosis in 1980 in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) of the American Psychiatric Association. PTSD is a complex mental disorder that develops in response to exposure to a severe traumatic event that stems a cluster of symptoms. Being afflicted with the disorder is debilitating, disrupting an individual’s ability to function and perform the most basic tasks. Who gets PTSD? Post-traumatic stress disorder can develop at any age, from childhood years to adulthood with any cultural, social, and economic background. Any individual that goes through a particular traumatic event can experience great stress and anxiety that can then develop into a post-traumatic stress disorder. Protective service men and women, victims of rape, abuse, and torture, as well as victims of natural disasters, accidents are examples of a mass variety of individuals that are touched by the post-traumatic stress disorder. PTSD can be caused by witnessing or by being part of a traumatic event such as combat, torture, abuse, natural disaster, motor-vehicle accident and even a sudden loss of a loved one. Many factors play an important role to determining whether an individual is pre-disposed to PTSD. Risk factors are those that contribute to a person to have a higher prevalence of developing PTSD, while resilience factors help the individual to overcome trauma. Risk Factors Sin... ... middle of paper ... ...of the individual to develop the disorder. Identification of individuals with PTSD is a complex decision to make, as there are many contributing factors for different people. However, treatments, prevention, and assessments of the disorder will be improved and enhanced in the near future. Works Cited Foa, E. B., Keane, T. M., Friedman, M. J., & Cohen, J. A. (2000). Effective treatments for PTSD: practice guidelines from the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (Second Edition ed.). New York: Guilford Press. Reyes, G., Elhai, J. D., & Ford, J. D. (2008). The Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. Violanti, J. M., & Paton, D. (2006). Who gets PTSD?. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C Thomas. Wilson, J. P., Friedman, M. J., & Lindy, J. D. (2001). Treating psychological trauma and PTSD. New York: Guilford Press.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd) is a relatively new diagnosis that was associated with survivors of war when it was first introduced.
  • Explains that ptsd is an illness defined with a collection of symptoms that are comorbid with other disorders.
  • Explains that ptsd symptoms can be caused by any stimuli, such as objects, images, or sounds. a clicking of a toy can symbolize an intense feeling of anxiety for the individual.
  • Describes the avoidance symptom that causes the individual to change his/her everyday routine to avoid social situations, places, events, or people that provoke the recollection of the trauma.
  • Explains that the most effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorders is cognitive-behavior therapy (cbt). there are numerous counseling techniques in cognitive behavior therapies that focus on ptsd symptoms.
  • Explains that exposure therapy (ex), also known as flooding, is a collective term used to describe prolonged exposure therapies.
  • Explains that meichenbaum developed stress inoculation training (sit) as anxiety management training in 1974, but later modified to treat rape survivors.
  • Explains that cognitive therapy focuses on the individual's interpretation of events, rather than the event itself, which beck theorize determines the emotional state of an individual after experiencing traumatic stressor.
  • Explains that cognitive processing therapy incorporates exposure therapy (ex) as well as cognitive therapy and uses cognitive restructuring. it uses repeated writing about the traumatic event and rereading the narrative.
  • Explains that ptsd is comorbid with other disorders such as depression or panic disorders, so it is important to choose the medication based on its effectiveness against the disorder, specific symptoms, or cluster of symptoms.
  • Explains that post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that develops from exposure of a traumatic event.
  • Explains that post-traumatic stress disorder can develop at any age with any cultural, social, and economic background. ptsd can be caused by witnessing or being part of a traumatic event.
  • Explains that exposure to an extreme stressor is not a lone cause to the development of ptsd.
  • Explains that resilience is the ability for an individual to cope with the disorder and recover from exposure to traumatic events.
  • Explains that hyperarousal symptoms are increases in emotion by the individual. a victim of robbery can develop anxiety disorder and have poor concentration and appetite.
  • Explains that group therapy addresses stigmatization of having a disorder, isolation, and alienation that is caused by ptsd.
  • Explains that scientists are working on new research methods to develop new treatments and preventive ways for the disorder.
  • States foa, keane, friedman, and cohen, j. a. (2000). effective treatments for ptsd: practice guidelines from the international society for traumatic stress studies.
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