Jankowsi (2010) proclaims that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder that can occur following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events (gospelassemblyfree.com). Jankowsi (2010) correspondingly goes on to list military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, and violent personal assaults like rape to be reasons for PSTD (gospelassemblyfree.com). Unless one has endured any of these traumatic situations, they will never comprehend what it is like to deal with PTSD. Life is going to be difficult for people dealing with PTSD. They often relive the experience through nightmares and flashbacks, have difficulty sleeping, and feel detached or estranged (Jankowsi 2010).
“Posttraumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents Exposed to Family Violence: Overview and Issues.” Professional Psychology Research and Practice 38.6 (2007): 613 – 619. PsychINFO. Web. 4 Feb. 2014. Neal D. Ryan et al.
Bipolar disorders during adolescence. Acta Psychiatry Scan, 108(418), 47-50. Miklowitz, D.J. (2007). The role of the family in the course and treatment of bipolar disorder.
These individuals experience persistent responses that affect their lives drastically. They are constantly overwhelmed and cannot move on from persistent painful memories. They are in a terrifying state where they feel a constant sense of danger. This paper examines Cognitive Behavior Therapy’s (CBT) various Psychological Treatments for PTSD, specifically examining the effects of the Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) approach and its effects on controlling or reducing stressing and intrusive symptoms of PTSD to receive desired outcomes. According to the American Psychiatric Association (DSM-IV-TR), individuals diagnosed with PTSD have to be exposed to an actual traumatic or life threatening event in which they experienced, witnessed, or was confronted with an event that could have caused serious injury or threatened the integrity of self or others, which initiated an intense response of agitated behavior, horror, or fear, (2000).
Some researchers suggest that a history of CSA is associated with a host of interpersonal and psychological difficulties, such as depression, suicidal ideation, low self-esteem, and sexual promiscuity. Others argue that the traumatic impact of CSA has been overstated. (Zafar S., 2013). There is no way to overstate childhood sexual abuse. Many do not heal without years of therapy from a traumatic experience.
Risk factors for PTSD are living through threatening and dangerous events or traumas, history of mental illness, getting and seeing people injured, feeling horror, extreme fear, and helplessness, lack of social support, and extra stress after the event. There are some resilience factors which help red... ... middle of paper ... ...-risk-individuals Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/basics/definition/con-20022540 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/post-traumatic-stress-disorder Road Crash Statistics.
Neurobiological sequelae of childhood trauma: PTSD in children. Catecholamine Function in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Emerging Concepts. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), U. D. (2009, january 21). Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Retrieved from What is post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD?
Veterans, their families, and the government have come together in combat in attempts to address the detrimental effects of PTSD. Post-Traumatic stress disorder is a psychiatric disorder that may develop after one has been a victim or witness of a traumatic event (What is PTSD). Men and women who served in the Vietnam War were vulnerable to many acts of violence and death such as guerilla warfare. After being discharged from the Armed Forces, they may experience flashbacks when a trigger brings back a memory or they may also suffer from nightmares or insomnia due to specific rattling experiences (Riley, Julie). Not being able to sleep can have some deteriorating effects on the body which can make life after war very hard to adjust to.
The main area where PTSD happens is through different memories through flashbacks of the trauma that bring up vivid images including sounds and other sensations (Brewin & Holmes, 2003, p. 340). Another area where the relationship becomes prominent in the dissociation phases. During stressful activities, it is common for one to experience mild dissociation. When dissociation happens during trauma, one experiences feelings that include emotional numbing, derealization, depersonalization, and “out-of-body” experiences (Brewin et al., 2003, p. 342). These emotional behaviors relate to the severity of the trauma, fear of death, and feeling of helplessness.
According to Joyful Heart Foundation, trauma can have numerous effects on the body, soul, and mind. When someone is exposed to domestic violence they experience shifts spiritually, physically, and mentally that tend to worsen if not addressed properly. Even though individuals may experience similar types of abuse, the response tends to vary depending on the person. The overall impact domestic violence can have on someone depends on how they tolerate stress and the timing of when someone else got involved. When dealing with emotional trauma, it’s common for someone who is currently going through domestic violence or went through it in the past to lose touch with their self and tend to not remember aspects of their personality before the abuse.