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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

explanatory Essay
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1602 words
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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Definition of illness:
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, also known as “PTSD” is classified as an anxiety disorder in which a person has in the past experienced a stressful event such as a war, rape or physical and emotional abuse (Schiraldi, 2009). The DSM-V states that by witnessing, being involved or knowing a family member or friend that experienced such event can result into PTSD and involves a response of intense fear, helplessness or horror. (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Individuals who have suffered from PTSD experience episodic memories of the unsafe events that they had to endure and tend to avoid anything that may remind them of the event (Schiraldi, 2009).
Symptoms:
According to Peggy Thomas, “to be diagnosed with PTSD, a patient must exhibit three types of symptoms: re-experiencing symptoms, avoidance behaviors and symptoms of hypervigilance (2008). A person may endure flashbacks from the tragic event or the trauma (Thomas, 2008). Any sound, smell or sight may bring about the bad memories in which the person may start feeling sick and begin to panic (Thomas, 2008). The DSM-V mentions that patients with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder may demonstrate characteristics of avoiding behaviors that may remind them of the traumatic experience that they had to experience (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). An example of this if a person was involved in a traumatic car accident, they may feel unsafe driving a car and may refuse to get in the car (Thomas, 2008). Hyper vigilance symptoms may arise for a patient with PTSD in which they may be on guard and feeling alert and always on the edge (Schiraldi, 2009). They may show characteristics of paranoia, looking over one’s shou...

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...er provides a high quality service that would address and assist Irene’s problems. The team at this center would help Irene go back to society and develop leisure activities or hobbies that she is lacking. This would keep her mind occupied and develop a refreshing positive attitude which can help prevent her frequent re-experience relapses.

References
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Posttraumatic stress disorder. In Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-5 (5th ed.). Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Chowdhury, U., & Pancha, A. (2011). Post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents.
Community Practitioner, 84(12), 33-35.
Schiraldi, G. R. (2009). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook. (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw Hill.
Thomas, P. (2008). Post traumatic stress disorder. Detroit: Thomson Gale.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains post-traumatic stress disorder, also known as 'ptsd', as an anxiety disorder in which a person has in the past experienced stressful events such as war, rape or physical and emotional abuse.
  • Explains that ptsd patients must exhibit three types of symptoms: re-experiencing symptoms, avoidance behaviors, and hypervigilance.
  • Explains the different types of therapy used to treat ptsd, such as group therapy, cognitive-behavior therapy and guided imagery.
  • Explains that ptsd symptoms may last several months to many years. emphasis on safety, support from family and peers, psychotherapy, medication to help with anxiety or depression can all help reduce the symptoms.
  • Reports that 7.7 million adults suffer from ptsd, and twice as many women than men are afflicted. studies have shown that children are more prone to develop post-traumatic stress disorder due to their brain not being fully developed.
  • Explains that the cognitive-behavioral theory analyzes negative feelings and instructs the individual involved in the event to look at the situation from a different perspective and change their negative thoughts into positive thoughts.
  • Explains how group therapy would help irene regain her normal life. guided imagery could help her express her fears and improve her coping skills. exposure therapy exposes her to the same trauma.
  • Describes the miami counseling & resource group as a full-service mental health treatment center providing psychological services and therapy to children, teenagers, and adults.
  • Describes therapeutic oasis of the palm beaches as an out/inpatient facility with a wide range of programs and resources aimed to help irene with her current situations.
  • Describes the psychological services center as a high-quality service that would address and assist irene’s problems.
  • Refers to the american psychiatric association's diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: dsm-5.
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