A. Population post-civil war republic was increasing by leaps and bounds 1. Census takers 36 million in 1870 a 26.6% increase B. The United States is now the third largest nation in the western world 1. Ranked behind Russia and France II. The “Bloody Shirt” Elects Grant A. The Republicans nominated Civil War General Ulysses S. Grant, he was a great soldier but no political experience. 1. The Democrats could only criticize military Reconstruction and couldn’t agree on anything, causing them to be disorganized. 2. The Republicans got Grant elected (barely) by “waving the bloody shirt,” or reliving his war victories. Used his popularity to elect him, though his popular vote was only slightly ahead of his rival Horatio Seymour. B. Seymour was the Democratic candidate who …show more content…
The Electoral Count Act 1877, made an electoral commission that was made up of 15 men selected from the Senate, the House, and the Supreme Court, which would count the votes (the 15th man was to be an independent, David Davis, but at the last moment, he resigned). B. February 1877, the Senate and the House met to settle the dispute. Hayes became president as a part of the rest of the Compromise of 1877. True to a compromise, both sides won a bit: 1. For the North—Hayes would become president if he agreed to remove troops from the remaining two Southern states where Union troops remained (Louisiana and South Carolina), a bill would subsidize the Texas and Pacific rail line. 2. For the South—military rule and Reconstruction ended when the military pulled out of the South. 3. The Compromise of 1877 abandoned the Blacks in the South by withdrawing troops, and their last attempt at protection of Black rights was the Civil Rights Act of 1875, was mostly declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the 1883 Civil Rights cases. C. Table 24.1 Composition of the Electoral Commission 1877 1. Showed republican had more people that the democrats in the 15 man split D. The End of Reconstruction
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This was one of the deeply anxious election outcomes for both, the Republican and Pro-war Democrats. They both joint together and formed the National Union Party, which re-nominated Lincoln and selected Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee a prominent War Democrats. The campaign of 1864 was noisy and abusive. The threat posed by the Democratic Party, which met in Chicago in August. The Democrats came forward boldly and proclaimed the Civil War a failure, demanded the immediate ending of hostilities, and called for the convening of a national convention to restore the Union by negotiation with the Confederate government (American President: A Reference Resource). The Democrats nominated General George B. McClellan, former commander of Union forces whom Lincoln had fired because of his failure to pursue Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army after the battle at Antietam in 1862. Some of the Radical Republicans were completely against Lincoln’s reelection (Mintz).
The democrats were having a rough time because Carter’s image was brought down by the massive inflation and bungling foreign affairs. The other option was Edward Kennedy, but his image was also hurt because of the "Chappaquiddick incident," in which he drank and then drove his car off of a bridge, killing his passenger and delayed reporting the incident. Reagan was grandfatherly, photogenic, attractive and his values were from the pre-60s generation. Overall, he believed that government wasn’t there to fix the problem, but was the problem and thus he would cut government spending. He won easily, even if it was mainly because of ABC votes.
Reconstruction failed because of the North’s and South’s inability to come together on political, economic, and cultural issues during the rebuilding process in the post-war years. Though the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments abolished slavery and permitted rights for African Americans in the South, the establishment of such laws as the Black Codes by Southern State Governments inhibited African American’s freedom. Among regulating their right to vote, marry, and own property, the codes affected African American’s ability to earn jobs, which eliminated the black workforce, so it did not pose a threat of competing with white individuals who were seeking jobs. Economic progression in the South proved to be a failure during Reconstruction, due to the inability of the two sides’ coming together to an agreement on how the South should rebuild. Industrialization in the South only progressed as a stipulation from the Compromise of 1877, in which the Federal Government agreed to take the steps to help implement the
Although recognized as an intellectual and scholar, Jefferson was also undoubtedly the first president to become the leader of a political party. He skillfully made use of party politics in making assignations to office pursuing his legislative aims by entertaining members of Congress at the White House as a means of keeping himself in touch and them in line. Jefferson used the powers of his presidential office with an authority that Presidents Washington and John Adams would not have been permitted. His political moderation and enthusiasm to compromise land had won over many of the Adam’s Federalists. At the same time those Republicans who had rallied behind him in hopes of a radical exodus from previous administrations grew increasingly frustrated. Led by the vibrant and unconventional John Randolph, a group of Republicans in the House, w...
There have been many great battles throughout American history. One of those battles is as interesting as it is important to our history. Many have wondered when looking back, “Why did the North win the Civil War?” However, for one to understand why the North one, they must first be educated on the background and events of the Civil War. Throughout the Civil War, many events have taken place that lead to the North’s victory.
One of the first goals of Reconstruction was to readmit the Confederate states into the Union, and during the debate in Congress over how to readmit the states, the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments were ratified. The United States had three different presidents between 1865 and 1877, who all had different opinions as to how the actions of readmitting the states should be carried out. President Lincoln devised the Ten Percent Plan in an effort to get the Confederate states to rejoin the Union. In Lincoln's plan, all Confederates, other than high-ranking officials, would be pardoned if they would swear allegiance to the Union and promise to obey its laws. Once ten percent of the people on the 1860 voting lists took the oath of allegiance, the state would be free to form a state government, and would be readmitted to the Union. Many of the Republicans in Congress were angered by this plan, because they believed that it was too lenient. After President Lincoln was assassinated, Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency with a new plan, which became known as Presiden...
After the conclusion of America’s Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln pitched the idea of “Reconstruction,” which would bring the southern states back into the Union. President Lincoln, according to many radical Republicans, was too gentle on the south. The government was divided on how to solve the issue of readmitting the southern states back into the Union. In addition to that, the government was not certain on what rights to enumerate to the newly emancipated slaves. These issues became more difficult to solve after President Lincoln was murdered. Lincoln’s successor, Vice President Andrew Johnson, was a Tennessee Democrat that lacked respect of the Republican Congress. The legislative and executive branches of the American government had a greater disparity in ideas of how to bring America back to one Union. Although there was a great disparity in ideas between the executive and legislative branches on how to successfully reconstruct the nation, the nation eventually came to a solution that allowed the nation to once again form as one nation.
By 1872 the federal government had suppressed the Klan, but white Democrats were using violence and fear to regain control of their state governments. Reconstruction ended in 1877, when in all southern states new constitutions and federal troops were withdrawn entirely from the region were
It was a success in the fact of restoring the United States into a unified nation. All of the confederate states acknowledged the new amendments and pledged their loyalty by 1877. However, Reconstruction failed in several other ways. Radical Republican legislation failed to protect former slaves from discrimination. They also failed to engender fundamental changes to the social fabric of the South. When President Rutherford B. Hayes removed federal troops from the South, Confederate officials and former slave owners almost immediately returned to power. With the support of a conservative Supreme Court, the newly empowered southern politicians passed black codes, voter qualifications, and other anti-progressive legislation to reverse the rights African Americans had
Henry Clay of Kentucky, John Quincy Adams of Massachusetts, and William H. Crawford of Georgia were the opponents that Jackson faced. Each of those three candidates were experienced politicians while Jackson was referred to as just an “army man”. Jackson supporters often refer to the election of 1824 as “The Stolen Election.” While Jackson swept the polls with the popular vote, he did not win the electoral vote. This resulted in the election being chosen by the House of Representatives. Jackson was defeated to his rival Jo...
There are a number of reasons why the Civil War took place in history, if you were to ask most people why they would most likely say something like " The civil war was fought to end slavery across America" and they would be right, but the civil war is like an iceberg meaning that you're only know what's on the surface of the but you haven't seen what's hidden underneath the water. And the civil war is one massive iceberg underneath the water. There are a lot of issues that contributed to the war between the North and South, but what made both groups reach a boiling point was the westward expansion of America. In this essay I'm going to focus on a few topics and events surrounding the Civil War like the the act of Sectionalism, Western Expansion
...The Radical Republicans of Congress did not agree with Johnson and his plans for “Restoration.” They had different beliefs about the South and started “Radical Reconstruction.” The disagreement between the President and Congress heightened and eventually led to the impeachment of President Johnson. There were also great scandals during Grant’s presidency, which caused a similar effect in with the politics in the South. As a result of the corruption the North lost interest in Reconstruction completely.
The Democrats agreed to accept Hayes’ win, as long as federal troops were withdrawn from the region. Congress passed the Compromise of 1877, allowing Louisiana, Florida and South Carolina to be Democratic again, ending Reconstruction.
As a new president was on the horizon, Republicans had Rutherford B. Hayes run for president, while Democrats chose Samuel J. Tilden. The campaigns did not get horribly nasty, which showed a bit of progress, but still dirty laundry was aired and fingers were pointed. Despite all of this, both parties came to an agreement, which helped Hayes become president. He promised to remove the last federal troops from the south and let the Republican governments there diminish. In return the Democrats would accept the Reconstruction amendments, accept Hayes, and stop their opposition with Republicans in the South. I believe it was a great compromise and a smart move because things were already way out of hand. Now, civil rights were not granted in society and the US would have a long way to go before they were truly reformed, but things were better and the Civil War seemed to be truly
. Also, you had to have traditional values, such as religious and more conservative. In 1861 people elected Abraham Lincoln as president because he was tall, old, white and had a good background in the military, and owned slaves. Although he owned slaves, eventually in 1865, he signed the Emancipation Proclamation and freed the slaves. This is a prime example of c...