You can strengthen the quadriceps muscles specifically the vastus medialis and vastus lateralis or you can focus on strengthening ... ... middle of paper ... ...cated foot orthoses on pain and function in individuals with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a cohort study. Physical Therapy in Sport. 2011;12:70-75 Willy RW, Scholz JP, Davis IS. Mirror gait retraining for the treatment of patellofemoral pain in female runners. Clinical Biomechanics.
The place of pain. Journal of Advances, 8(2), 3-24. Tsushima, W. (1982). Treatment of phantom limb pain with EMG and temperature biofeedback. American Journal of Clinical Biofeedback, 5(2), 150-153.
The effects of electrical stimulation exercise on muscles injected with botulinum toxin type- A (Botox). Journal of Biomechanics, 46 (1), pp.36- 42.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2012.09.025. Fowler, L. P., Awan, S. N., Gorham-Rowan, M., & Morris, R. (2011). Investigation of Fatigue, Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness, and Spectral-Based Cepstral Measurements in Healthy Speakers After Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation. Annals Of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 120(10), 641-650.
This claim is supported through several scientific articles pertaining to different studies done with kinesiology tape. Muscle fatigue is caused by activities and exercise that tire out the muscle and decrease its ability to produce force. When muscle fatigue sets in, stability within the body lessens, specifically around the joints and ligaments attached to the muscles. When stability weakens there is greater risk for injury because the muscles stop contracting and supporting the joints and ligaments as they should. This can lead to severe joint pain as well as torn ligaments.
Introduction Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a debilitating autoimmune disease. The Central Nervous System (CNS) is attacked by the immune system; creating lesions that interrupt the correct signaling of nerves, spinal cord, and brain (Frankel, & James, 2011). Inhibiting development of this disease is crucial for maintaining quality of life and fatigue for individuals with MS. There has been vast amount of research on the effect of various exercise training programs, and their benefits for MS (Motl, & Gosney, 2008, Krupp, 2003, Chen, Fan, Hu, Yang, & Li, 2013). Balance, aerobic, and strength training have been the main focus of most researchers; causing an interest in what training mode is most effective for improving quality of life and lower fatigue.
Combine the multiple layers of adipose tissue, overlying bowel gas, and possible skin folds to work around will only increase the exam time putting further strain put on the scanning arm. Considering all of these factors, more and more often sonographers must resort to putting “limited exam due to patient body habitus” because the exam did not yield diagnostic quality images. Considering most of the profession works in hospitals, there are also impatient exams to consider. Patients are brought down in a bed or a wheelchair and commonly have limited mobility, if they are able to move at all. Transport will drop the patient off and the sonographer is left to assist the patient out of the wheelchair or on to the bed alone.
Physical therapy in Sport Nelson, N. (2013). Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. Delayed onset muscle soreness: Is massage effective? Available online Science direct, In Press, Corrected Proof. Rodenburg,J, Steenbeek, D, Bar, P. (1994).
These chronic injuries are usually due to overuse, improper training techniques, or a combination of the two. By using the results of other biomechanists’ studies, one can extrapolate an idea of what running should look like and what muscles are utilized during the activity. Consequently, changes in technique, strength training, and flexibility training can be made in order to decrease the potential for injury. Article Summaries Before analyzing the mechanics of running, it is important to accumulate some of the vast research available for this activity. The following are brief summaries of research articles that study various factors on running.
Silder, Amy, Darryl G. Thelen, and Bryan C. Heiderscheit. "Effects Of Prior Hamstring Strain Injury On Strength, Flexibility, And Running Mechanics." Clinical Biomechanics 25.7 (2010): 681-686. Print.
Achilles tendinopathy and its contributing pathologies has been a heavily researched topic throughout multiple professions. Although a unified consensus and classification on the underlying pathology is yet to be reached, a shift from the term tendinitis to tendinosis has slowly been adopted, and is now believed to follow a continuum. Previous incorrect belief of an inflammatory pathophysiology has lead to the development of treatment options that are inappropriate and unsuccessful, leaving the tendon unable to adequately heal or strengthen increasing its risk of repetitive re-injury and the development of chronic Achilles tendinopathy. As a result an understanding of the pathophysiology, its effect on lower limb function and biomechanical risk factors contributing to the development of Achilles tendinopathy need to be considered when developing a rehabilitation program to coincide with new research and to address the underlying degeneration and failed healing of the tendon. Tendinopathy is a generic description that encompasses many pathologies of clinical conditions arising from chronic overuse in and around the tendon such as ruptures/tendinitis, tendinosis and paratendinitis, which can only be classified post histopathological examination (Maffulli, Sharma, & Luscombe, 2004; Khan, Cook, Bonar, Harcourt, & Astrom, 1999).