Positive Reinforcement On Water Reinforcement

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Water is extremely important and essential to our health. In this experiment, an A-B-A-B design will be used to determine the effects of positive reinforcement on daily water consumption. It is expected that this treatment will increase daily water intake when combined with a positive reinforcer. Positive reinforcement occurs when a behavior is followed immediately by a stimulus that increases the future frequency of the behavior in similar conditions. The data for this experiment was recorded daily for a span of 4 weeks, following the rules for a reversal A-B-A-B design. The materials used in this experiment included an Apple iPhone to record the gold stars received for each day, 8 ounce Dixie plastic cups and 16 ounce Poland Spring water bottles. The participant was a male college student 18 years of age. The second week of procedure began the treatment. An average daily goal was set to 80 ounces per day. The third week of the procedure repeated the baseline treatment from week one. The data was recorded for that week the same with no reinforcement. The fourth and final week repeated week 2 of the positive reinforcement treatment. Gold stars were given accordingly if the participant achieved his daily goal of 80 ounces per day.
Keywords: A-B-A-B design, positive reinforcement, baseline treatment

Positive Reinforcement and Reversal A-B-A-B Design Effects Increase Daily Water Consumption on a Healthy Male
The human body is estimated to be about 60 to 70 percent water. Blood, as well as your muscles, lungs, and brain all contain a high percentage of water. Water is extremely important and essential to our health (Kaushik, Mullee, Bryant, Hill, 2007). Dehydration is one of the most common side effects of not consuming enough w...

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...g their behavior. The findings in this experiment directly support the hypothesis. However, not only do the findings support the hypothesis, the results show a drastic improvement in water consumption when paired with the positive reinforce of almost 77 ounces per day. That equates to about an average of 5 more 16 ounce Poland Spring bottles per day. There were few limitations discovered throughout the study. For future reference, increasing the population size might yield different results since the experiment was performed on a single participant. Also the age of the participants directly correlates with the type of reinforcement given. For example, even though the experiment was successful, gold stars might be a more suitable reinforcer for children between the ages of 5-12. For a young male at the age of 21, you might want to find a more suitable reinforcer.
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