By the late sixteenth century the British East India Company had established trade posts in Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay, dominating vast areas in India and southeast Asia . Although traders saw the potential for cheap labor and raw materials India held, they were... ... middle of paper ... ...ndia was rendered unable to progress economically and socially because of their forced dependence on Britain that made the nation unstable. Today, Britain remains an advanced country with a stable economy and strong government while India is filled with corruption, poverty, and crime. British involvement in India forever changed the course of history, and eventually determined the world we know today. While the British were able to thrive in this imperialized society, the most basic rights to freedom and equality were deprived from Indian citizens for centuries.
Positive effects of imperialistic rule in India were that the British set up a stronger economy and more powerful industries. They built roads and railroads. British rule brought peace and order to the countryside. They revised the legal system to promote justice for the Indians regardless of class. Indian landowners and princes, who still owned territory grew rich from exporting cash crops such as cotton and jute.
The primary reasons that India is lagging in terms of wealth compared to first world countries include the trade/business policies created by the British, the institution of the caste system of India, and the phenomenon known as brain drain. The British imperialism and the caste system have been in place for a while now, and they are both factors that led to India’s brain drain problem. Since the eighteenth century, the British began coming into India on business ventures, seeking any opportunity they could to make money. This influx of British foreigners continued and started to influence India as a whole. This persisted for some time and eventually led to India being declared a colony of Britain.
Imperialism in India British imperialism on India had many positive and negative affects on both the mother country, Britain and the colony, India. Many people would argue which effects were more prominent in these countries and some would agree that they were equal. But in both cases there were actually both. In India the British colonization had more positive affects than negative. For Instance, When the British colonized India they built 40,000 miles of railroad and 70,000 miles of paved roadway.
Both nations had amassed large amounts of war dept. The French and at this time allocated more than half of there total budget to paying off war debt on top of territorial losses to the British, meanwhile the English were fairing little better and sought to remedy there budget shortfalls. They turned to the colonies and passed the first set of laws aimed at relieving the shortfalls and preventing further conflict, which would further exacerbate their economic issues. (Schweikart and Allen, 2004) The colonies were relatively speaking fairly well off after the French and Indian War. In fact overall the tax burden fell on those that owned property, and the majority of the property was owned by the wealthy businessmen of the era.
The American Revolution was an inevitable conflict. The French and Indian War had major effects on the British and American colonists. This war doubled England’s already existent debt. America’s little financial and military help outraged many British officals during the war, which largely benefited the Americas. They were also bitter about the Colonists trading goods with enemies of the British.
Because of the huge debt, Egypt was forced to hand the canal over to Britain. Later, in 1882, Britain gained control to Egypt itself (Modern World History, 355). Thus, Egypt was under new rule and became one of Britain’s many colonies. To sum up, Egypt created many reforms ... ... middle of paper ... ... outweigh the problems solved by imperialism, it wasn’t all bad for the Egyptians; the financial aid and the Nile were only some of the problems Britain touched upon. So in conclusion, imperialism did Egypt more bad than good.
On December 16, 1773, the scale of tolerance tipped to the lowest level possible in the Colonies. Because of Great Britain’s involvement in the French and Indian War, Great Britain accumulated a large amount of debt owed to the East-India Company. As an attempt to reduce its debt, Great Britain imposed many acts of taxation on the Colonies. Great Britain viewed the Colonies key to repay its debt. One of the significant acts imposed by Great Britain was the Townshend Acts.
Since India was put under imperialism, a great deal of things changed, some for the good, mostly though for the bad. Between 1640 and 1949, India was ruled by two periods of imperialism, both of which effected India in a very profound and permanent manner. The first period of European control was between 1740 and 1858. During this period the British East India Company controlled the Indian sub-continent under the guise of economic imperialism, when in fact the manipulation of Indian affairs was much more political than let on. When it was founded in 1600 by Queen Elizabeth I, the East India Company's main purpose was "to break into the Indonesian spice trade which was dominated by the Dutch."
This upset one Samuel Adams. After having lived in the colonies some years and being a successful merchant, He felt that the law was particularly unfair for merchants, as they were the most taxed. This also increased fear among the colonists that they would lose the right to determine taxes among their own colonies. Later in the next year of 1765, the Stamp Act was decreed. Special stamps were now required on newspapers, playing cards, business papers, and other legal documents.