"Black Citizenship and Military Self-Presentation in Antebellum Massachusetts." Historical Journal Of Massachusetts 26, no. 2: 157-183. Kaplan, Sidney. The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, 1770-1800.
In 1862, when Governor Andrew contacted Shaw's father about the prospect of commissioning his son as colonel of the soon-to-be organized fifty-fourth, Shaw was an officer in the Second Mass... ... middle of paper ... ...il War battle for unity and equality. As a result of the 54th Regiment, over 180,000 Black men enlisted under the Union flag between 1863 and 1865. The story of the “Fighting Fifty-Forth” is a true testament of how when a country is in war or a time of despair they can ban together as one ,regardless of race to achieve an objective. Although they were treated unfairly and discriminated against, the 54th regiment paved the way for equality of not only African-American soldiers but for all African-Americans. Bibliography Duncan, Russell, ed.
Staudenraus: The African Colonization Movement, 1816-1865. New York, NY, 1961 C. Peter Riply at el. : African American Voices on Race, Slavery, and Emnancipation. The University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill & London, 1993, pp15-37. Carter G. Woodson: Negro Orators ansd Their Orations (New York, NY, 1925) and The Mind of the Negro (Washington, DC., 1926).
During the Civil War, free blacks were permitted to serve in the Union Army. But it was not until 1863, that black soldiers would see combat and charge against the confederate armies. It is estimated that around 186,000 African American served the Union Army throughout the war, with the creation of 163 colored regiments. My research paper will focus on the Black regiments of the American Civil War and their importance to U.S. history. Some of the important issues that will be discussed in this paper will include the struggles of black soldiers during the Civil War, from their wage earnings (where most made less money than white soldiers); the clothes they wore (most had no uniforms at all).
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2002. Williams, George. A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1888.
Journey to the Promised Land : The African American Struggle for Development since the Civil War. Westport, CT, USA:: Greenwood Press,. Gossett, T. S. (1997). The History of an Idea in America. Cary, NC, USA: Oxford University Press.
The anti-slavery movement was very active in the United States and was fighting for the rights of the African Americans who were slaves in the land of America. Harrold does a good... ... middle of paper ... ... Civil War. It provides more and more details on abolitionists to scholars, students and teachers. For scholars, it provides a comprehensive research on American abolitionists, for students, Harrold provided a great introduction to the historiography of abolition studies, abolition movements in the 1760s through 1860s and the end of slavery and how it changed the lives of the blacks in America. It also provides more details on abolitionists and race, abolitionist and black freedom and how the arguments against slavery changed overtime and how it was influenced by gender, race and discrimination.
Black Soldiers in American History While many volumes of work have been written on the heroics of Anglo-Americans in defense of the United States, insufficient notice has been given to the extensive involvement of blacks in defense of the United States beginning with, but not limited to, the Revolutionary War. Although bought over in chains, blacks continually demonstrated their commitment to liberty, equality and democracy through their participation and valiant fighting in the Revolutionary and Civil Wars. The first group of Africans in the United States is attributed to a group of twenty bought in 1619 to an area that was later settled as Virginia. The status of Africans was typically that of indentured servants, or, as agriculture became important economically, slave. All too often the lives of blacks are viewed solely through the lens of the demoralizing and degrading work a slave does.
Free blacks and runaway slaves signed up for the navy as a privateer because they were offered almost equal pay. The blacks had lots of militia which were exclusively blacks but then as the war was going on there were more whites and blacks fighting together. African Americans were fighting with white men since the start at the Battle of Lexington and Concord in 1775. Free slaves weren’t able to have ranks but 1777 George Washington allowed to give ranks to free slaves because he was suffering the loss of many men. That’s when blacks were actually becoming soldiers in the war and not just militia.
President Lincoln feared that African Americans in the Army would persuade certain states, such as Missouri, to join the Confederacy. Once African American soldiers could join the Union Army they would contribute to almost every major battle of the Civil War. 180,000 African Americans served in the Union Army in 163 different units, and 9,000 served as seamen in the Union Navy.1 President Lincoln stated, “Without the military help of the black freedmen, the war against the South could not have been won.”2 African Americans were ready to join the Union Army to fight against slavery in hopes that military service would demonstrate their equality. Several states, to include Louisiana, would form volunteer regiments as a result of the Militia Act of 1862 passed by Congress in July. The 1st Louisiana Native Guard was the first regiment of African Americans in the Union Army.3 This regiment of United States Colored Troops (USCT) was officially formed in September of 1862 and by October of 1862 was assigned duties.