Critics may argue that there are moral and ethical problems associated with this novel technique, but for the most part scientists realize the importance this advancement will have. Gene therapy may be the key to curing dozens of diseases, and has endless possibilities, but more research is needed before its safe or accepted as common practice.
There are also difficulties in getting the targeted cells to open up their molecular locks to allow the foreign genes inside. Gene therapy, like other medical advances before it, will have numerous failures before reaching its full potential. It will be important for the public, press, and medical industry to be patient in waiting for the dream of gene therapy to become a reality. Technological Aspects of Gene Therapy The underlying principle of gene therapy is the transfer of genetic material to specific cells of a patient in an effort to initiate a biological response to fight or eliminate a disease. There are two possible types of target cells, somatic cells that are non-reproducing, or reproducing germ-line cells.
Gene therapy has become an exciting and controversial issue on the scientific and medical horizon. Science offers new technologies that, in the future, will be able to treat and cure common genetically passed diseases. However, as it is an extremely broad subject, some time must be dedicated to its interpretation and explanation. First, a general definition of gene therapy is required. Genethics, the Clash between the New Genetics and Human Values, by David T. Suzuki and Peter Knudtson, defines gene therapy as "the medical replacement or repair of defective or faulty genes in living human cells."
Gene therapy is a highly controversial topic that entails numerous ethical issues that need to be thoroughly analyzed before it is widely available to the public. While gene therapy may pose practical medical benefits for people, ethical considerations must be addressed in order for society to utilize the potentials of gene therapy appropriately. What is gene therapy? Gene therapy attempts to cure or treat genetic diseases by correcting the genetic errors responsible for it. Genetic diseases can be either inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis as well as acquired diseases such as cancer ("What is Gene Therapy?").
There are concerns that society should carefully consider. It is important, though, to thoroughly research and examine a topic in order to understand why there should be no fear caused by cloning and genetic engineering one must know the factual processes behind them before a strong argument on behalf of their advancement can be formed. Cloning and genetic engineering are very controversial subjects; however, when used appropriately as a means to solve a problem or ease pain and suffering in a person, rather than to “play God” and take life into one’s own hand can be very beneficial. The pursuit of cloning and genetic engineering should be continued as they provide a means for improving health care and making major advancements in food production and waste disposal because when ethics come into play the facts show that the two are not actually processes in which ethical issues should arise. The terms “genetic engineering” and “cloning” are often used interchangeably but there are conceivable differences between the two that should be pointed out.
The studies of biomarkers, systems biology and pharmacogenomics enable comprehensive understanding of diseases and empower scientists and clinicians to design individualized strategies to bring the right drugs with the right dosages to the right people ... ... middle of paper ... ... are limitations, for instance, some data are not in sync, as it is still a growing field. However these limitations could be overcome in near future and translational bioinformatics can soon be the next game changer of medicine. However, the success of medical strategies is the overall effort of each functional domain as they are interconnected. Without ones contribution, provision of optimal medical treatment would not be easy or even impossible. Works Cited Altman, R. B.
This new study is challenging the way people think about DNA. This study by the ... ... middle of paper ... ... Medical companies give their clients safe medicine and this is another reason why the genetic medicine and treatment should add on to medicine the world already have. Genetic testing is revolutionary it has the capability to help the world advance and grow. The United States have the ability to use technology and develop technology that could change our world. Through genetic experimentation diseases could cease to plague our citizens, the world could have a new and exciting medical renaissance, and the treatments to diseases would be enduring.
Using genetics, a certain kind of medicine could be prescribed so that there are no gene inducing side effects, and to receive the best results. On the other hand, genetics in the future will be able to prevent genetic disorders far before symptoms arise. Research and advancements in genetics will be the “new wave” of medicine. DNA varies from person to person, and these tiny variations could mean different effects of medication. According to an article titled “Medicine Gets Personal” by Marc Wortman, published in Technology Review, this could play a big role of medicines of the future.
There are opposing viewpoints on the incorporation of gene therapy into modern medicine. Many scientists and individuals from the public find genetic therapy to be unethical. In contrast, others see it as a revolutionizing technology that will change medicine and produce treatments and preventions to genetically inherited diseases. Reece briefly mentions the challenging decisions that accompany technological advancements. The ethical concerns that arise with gene therapy include; is the usage of DNA technology adequate to determine if people have genes for inherited diseases, should the tests be voluntary, should genetic testing be obligatory (Reece, et al.
Despite the heated controversy that surrounds this research, the results of countless experiments have had proven success. Therefore, it seems unreasonable that stem cell research would not be the most viable option when considering the treatment of diseases and injuries. A pressing need for treatments to previously incurable illnesses can be addressed through ardent research of embryonic stem cells. The continuation and support of embryonic stem cell research is crucial in the field of regenerative medicine, and in the effort to save human lives.