Population and the World Hunger Debate

explanatory Essay
1013 words
1013 words

Population and the World Hunger Debate

The correlation between over-population and growing world hunger has become a controversial topic in today’s society. Concerns of population expansion, world starvation, and environment destruction are matters of debate and are of much concern for their outcomes affect everyone of society. The world is home to an estimated 6 billion people with more than 80 million additions every year. With this astonishing growing rate of population it is necessary to address the matter of world hunger before it is too late. The three main theories of world population and the correlation to world hunger are debatable; however, it is ultimately left to an individual to determine the truth/ answer to such theories of world hungers origin.

Over two hundred years ago, Thomas Malthus proposed the theory that world starvation is directly linked with the population living on earth. He argued that the world’s population would increase at a faster rate than compared to the rate of the food production. This imbalance would in turn lead to mass starvation for there would not be enough food to feed all the mouths of the world. Malthus acknowledged that food is necessary for human existence; therefore, in order to eliminate world hunger population and food production must be kept at an equal balance.

Malthusian theory also deemed population expansion would have a direct correlation between the environment and its future destruction. The environment is the home not only to humans but also to the wildlife, vegetation, and other living species of the world. “Population will have a very serve, even catastrophic, impact on the natural environment and human welfare (Walker, On Wall Street). Over-populat...

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...ction thus elimination world hunger. Argued by the author of Life on Earth is Getting Better, Not Worse, Julian Simon claims the per person food production in the world in up over the last 30 years because of advances in technology. It is thought that as long as technology can keep up with the world’s population there will be no fear of over-population. It is thought that the long-run overview of the world is one of a more pleasurable, material life rather than one increased with scarcity (Simon, 415).



Ayittey, George B. Enough Food For the World. The Washington Post. A26.

Simon, Julian. Life on Earth is Getting Better, Not Worse. The Ultimate Resource.

Princeton Press. 1981. Pg. 415.

Walker, Lews. Economist of Doom. Thomas Malthus Influence Continues. On Wall

Street. 01-01-97.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that in order to meet the predicted population in 2050, the world will have to increase food production by 75%. land elimination and overuse is just one example of environment degradation as population increases.
  • Contrasts the neo-malthusian theory of world starvation with the neo-marxist theory which concludes that world hunger and world population are not directly correlated.
  • Explains that stimulation of food production with the advances in technology is the key to solving the world's hunger problem and the third theory of world starvation solutions.
  • Explains that the correlation between over-population and growing world hunger has become a controversial topic in today's society.
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