The effects of exposure can vary from direct effects such as behavioral and developmental issues to interpersonal relationships, all of which lead to detrimental prospects on the child’s development. This paper will explore those effects and how it affects children. Exposure to violence in the first years of life brings about helplessness and terror which can be attributed to the lack of protection received by the parent. The child can no longer trust their parent as a protector (Lieberman 2007). This lack of trust early in life can bring about serious problems later in life, as there is no resolution to the first psychosocial crisis, trust vs. mistrust.
Depressed mothers view their surroundings negatively, which causes them to see negative characteristics in their child, making their parenting style cold, detached, and inconsistent. A lack of interest in the child’s needs make the child pessimistic about all parent-child relationships, but can also cause the child to question why the parent is drawing back. This can cause the child to draw in on themselves, and focus on their parent’s avoidance of them, which can cause them to ... ... middle of paper ... ...t always lead to disruptive or maladaptive disorders in the child; some offspring with parents who have disorders such as schizophrenia or narcissism can function completely normally. In award-winning memoir The Glass Castles by Jeannette Walls, the parents are each speculated to have different level personality disorders, signs to which are apparent throughout the book as you read from Jeanette’s first-hand account about the behaviors of her family. Through her life her father, Rex Walls, was constantly talking about his plans to make them all rich with his genius inventions.
Therefore, these children who are victims will remain naïve in their adult years because they were incapable of gain life skills. Clair M. Hart pointed out that it has been predicted that a child’s depression and anxiety is connected with “reduced parental care, elevated parental shaming, overprotection, and favouristism” (Personality and Difference 250). Narcissistic parents feel threatened by their child’s growing independence, so they hover over their developing years; thus, becoming overly possessive. There are other parents who acknowledge their child’s mistakes more than their positive attributes, so a child can resort to self-blame. They would try to fix themselves and begin believing that it is their fault for receiving the negative treatment from their parent.
These children tend to lose control over their own lives, bodies, and minds creating catastrophic obstacles to build up in their lives and causing themselves to become weakened and vulnerable due to being confronted by fear that they cannot endure. The many lives of abused children are misguided as they mature because the events that they encounter during their early childhood years influence the construction of their future and behaviors. Child abuse is the barbarous act of maltreatment directed towards children that includes physical abuse, emotional abuse, and sexual molestation which all serve as elements towards leading to the destruction of their lives. Physical abuse is defined as a purposely intended act of atrociously causing physical harm to a child. This type of offense is generally inflicted by a parent or guardian who is accountable for providing for a child’s welfare.
Berating the other parent in front of the child is another way of placing the child in an unfair position, which in essence is expecting the child to choose between the parents. Any form of parental conflict, no matter to what degree, lends to a difficult adjustment period for children involved. (Jekielek 1-3). The deterioration in parent-child relationships after divorce is another leading cause in psychological problems for children. With a divorce comes a parenting plan of some kind.
This is a situation through which kids develop inaccurate thoughts as to why their parents are not together. Blame sometimes corrupts the child's thoughts and eventually the child perceives he/she may be the reason their parents separated. Children are left in the dark numerous times. Children develop revulsion towards the parent whom they feel has caused this terrible situation. A constant question, Why?
Insecure attachment fosters the development of the self as an unworthy, unlovable person and causes one to be unavailable or hostile to others (Siegel, 2012). Poor attachment leads to poor self-esteem and self-concept that can dictate children’s behaviors well into adulthood. Children with attachment disorders often show inhibition, self-endangerment, and have often experienced violence, abuse, or parental unavailability (Siegel, 2012). Research shows that abused mothers cannot adequately attend to the demands of the attachment process while simultaneously attempting to negotiate a hostile and dangerous home environment (Buttell, Muldoon, & Carney, 2005). Consequently, children in this situation become insecurely attached and, in adulthood, exhibit excessive dependency on their partners (Carney & Young, 2012).
Jain (2011) indicates that both birth order and child raising practices such as punishments, rewards, and allowance of freedom affect how children interact with their peers and how vigilantly they pursue excellence in learning (para. 8). Of sibling rivalry and birth order, McCormack (2000) shows that the roots of sibling rivalries stem from a natural inability of parents to treat their children equally. This is understandable due to limitless factors that make the children different from one another. The different responses parents are forced to take to address their different children cause these children to feel as though they are experiencing unfair treatment (p. 60).
This can be difficult on a child growing up. Intrusive, or controlling parents make kids scared, causing anxiety, then leading into possible suicide (Cha Eunjung). Guardians that are intrusive with their child's life, make them feel depressed and unsuitable (Liem). This pushy form of teaching will lead kids to believe that what they do is not good enough and unsatisfying to the people they wish to impress most. Parents were conducted in a study to see how they handled their child putting a puzzle together.
They may think that when they are punishing the child for doing something wrong, when they are physically abusing a child. Because these parents do not know better,they will think that they are just correcting the behaviour of that child, when they are truly hurting them (Elsevier, 2007). Being single parents can also trigger a parent to be abusive towards his/ her child/ children. Single parents tend to have a lot on their mind, for example, taking care of their child/ children on his/ her own, playing both fatherly and motherly roles,... ... middle of paper ... ...ave Abusive head trauma, and impaired brain development (Williamson, 2013). Children who are physically abuse at home may be involved in juvenile delinquent, criminal activities and or drug and alcohol abuse.