Political Organization : A Social Organization

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Political organization Another aspect of social groups is political organization. According to Karl G. Heider the author of Seeing Anthropology through Film, political organization can be defined as the structure of a social unit in terms of the allocation of power among individuals, roles, and groups. (Heide, pg. 450) When defining the political organizations we can look at power as the ability to get other people to do things for them. In addition, actual power can be look at physical force, which implies the use or the threat of physical force and influence. Influence is the ability to talk people into doing things without the use of force. (Hiede, pg. 301) So, political organizations express power and authority; this power can be egalitarian or the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities. (Sullivan, 2009) Power leads us to leadership, the use of power in groups. Political organizations can be broken down into societies that are called bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states. These bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states have Big Men or Chiefs. Big Men uses the power of influence and there power is individually achieved but can be temporary held. Chiefs wield power that is inherited but has lifetime tenure. Political organization is an important concept in anthropological research because it looks at the political system from the basis of the structure of societies. Political organization involves issues like allocation of political roles, levels of political integration, concentrations of power and authority, mechanisms of social control and resolving conflicts. (Political Organization) Anthropologists are continuing to find new problems and topics, as societies continue to change througho... ... middle of paper ... ...at certain issues would be covered by colonial law, while other issues would be covered by traditional law. Legal Pluralism is important to anthropological research because it focus on the relation between indigenous and originally foreign law in colonial and post-colonial societies. Legal Pluralism comes from the political system that focuses on shared power among interest groups and competing factions. (Marry) These distinctions tended to break down and individuals who would choose to bring their legal claims under the system that they thought would offer them the best advantage. Legal pluralism still exist today in India and Tanzania for example, there are special Islamic courts that address concerns in Muslim communities by following Islamic laws. (Marry) These courts are called secular courts and they deal with the issues of the communities.
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