The connection between Britain and the English colonies was that of the ruling of the colonies by the king of Britain, King George III and his parliament. The king’s ruling was very unfavorable for the colonists because of his tyrannic dictatorship and unjustly taxations. The mere thought of an island ruling an entire continent thousands of miles away with poor communication and lack of supervision of the colonies by the king, did not work in favor of the colonies nor for Britain. Three contributing factors for the outbreak of the American Revolution were (1) the king’s taxes, (2) neglect of the 13 colonies and (3) England’s mercantilism policy. King George III and his decisions were one of the major causes that had the English colonists fumed with anger towards Britain and this eventually led to the American Revolution.
The American Revolution
The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. The tension that arose because of this was due in simple fact thanks to the crown applying harsh rules and regulations involving taxes.
In concern to the American Revolution, there are two sides debating its primary cause. One set of historians believe the cause to be ideals and principles. The other set of historians and scholars credit economic and social interests as the primary cause of the Revolutionary War. Historians Jesse Lemisch and Dirk Hoerder used the mobs in colonial cities as evidence of the social concerns of Americans at that time. Another Historian, Arthur M. Schlesinger argued in a 1917 study “that it was the colonial merchants who were chiefly responsible for arousing American resistance to the British; and that although they spoke of principles and ideals, their real motives were economic self-interest: freedom from the restrictive policies of British mercantilism.” This argument is very concrete and is supported by the different legislation that the British Parliament passed after the Seven Years’ War. In fact, an act was passed in 1764 by the Parliament that was instrumental in specifically angering the merchants that played a major role in leading the Americans to independence. That piece of legislation was the Sugar Act which placed a tax on sugar being brought into the colonies. This tax was a significantly less than the one that was logged in the book previously; however, that tax had been ignored for years. The initial response of the merchants to this piece of legislation was anger because this new law cut off their highly profitable smuggling organizations which greatly affected their earnings. Soon after tha...
The American Revolution was when the American Colonies rejected British rule and overthrew the authority of Great Britain which help found the United States of America. It was a long road but it was built over time with tension between the 13 colonies and the British rule of King George III. In 1733 the Molasses Act was imposed for six percent of every gallon sold from non-English colonies. This act was to make products cheaper from the British than the French. This act was rarely collected because of smugglers and it was opposed by most colonists. The Sugar Act was to raise revenues or the American revenue act that was passed by the Parliament of Great Britain. It was passed around the time of a depression, so protests began to develop around
The Christians objective is not this world-certainly not the world of politics-but the Kingdom of God. Christianity is therefore essentially other-worldly. Jesus himself was entirely apolitical, and we, his, followers, must similarly hold aloof from the political arena. However, God is a political God, and a belief in God requires political involvement. (Davies 9) Consequently, the entanglement of politics with religion is inevitable. This concept is supported in Jon Butler’s article, Coercion, Miracle, Reason. Several colonies including Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware that lacked any kind of establishment used the law to uphold Christianity in general terms. For example, the Quakers in Pennsylvania forced office holders to affirm their belief in Christ’s divinity, banned blasphemy, forbade Sunday labor, and urged settlers to attend church so “looseness, irreligion, and atheism may not creep in under pretense of conscience.”(Butler 5) As if evident, the age of Revolution had motivations and justifications that were concerned with religion. The question is not whether politics and religion go hand in hand- that is apparent-but to what extent?
While Americans were supportive of monarchism and embraced their British roots, they began to believe their overseas government was looking to strip them of liberty. The first American colonies were established at a time where mercantilism was a popular theory. With mercantilism, colonies only existed to support the mother country. This occurred through monopolies, import/export bans, taxes, and limited wages. The colonies were also expected to export their natural resources and purchase finished products back from the mother country. Mercantilism also focused on exporting more than importing. The result of mercantilism was severely limited economic liberty in colonial America, which eventually led to the American Revolution as colonists no longer believed they could remain in the British Empire and have their rights protected (Keene, Cornell and O 'Donnell). Before the war, North American colonists were barely paying any taxes compared to other British territories. .After the war, a new prime minister, George Grenville, was hired and ordered to investigate colonial revenues (Dockswell). After discovering that they were making much less than they should, he initiated a new program of taxation and its enforcement; Americans and Britain’s view of taxation, and the “morality and legality of Britain’s new policies put the two on a collision course” ( (Keene, Cornell and O 'Donnell). The first tax was the Revenue Act, also known as the Sugar Act. While lowering the tax on molasses, it increased the tax on sugar and other popular goods, along with increased penalties for smuggling. Another part of the act imposed compliance with juryless British courts, something Americans viewed as an attack on their basic rights. Following resistance to the Sugar Act, they imposed a massively unpopular tax called the Stamp Act, which affected a
The Prime Minister George Grenville, creates the Sugar Act of 1764. This act, in short, taxed sugar. American colonists still had power because of the royal veto. The colonists were outraged, Grenville was taxing the prime ingredient in bread and alcohol, two of America's favorites. Also the colonists may have seen that this tax was paying for the British's problems.
After the Seven Year War, Britain now needed to find ways to generate money, and felt that since the war was fought on American land that they should help pay for its cost, and they decided to issue new taxes on the colonies trying to offset some of the cost of the war. One of the first acts they presented was the Sugar act in 1764, lowering the duties on molasses but taxed sugar and other items that could be exported to Britain. It also enforced stronger laws for smuggling, where if prosecuted, it would be a British type trial without a jury of their peers. Some Americans were upset about the Sugar Act because it violated two strong American feelings, first that they couldn't be tried without a jury of their peers, and the second that they couldn't be taxed without their consent.
The American Revolution caused a drastic amount of change. While this big thing was going on there were many people that had been included. The British and the 13 colonies went to war against each other so that 13 colonies could try and win over their freedom. Abigail Adams sent a letter to her husband to try and convince the writers to include women's equal rights. There were many hopes that people had while the American Revolution was present in the 1770’s to the early 1780’s. How much change did the American Revolution cause? The American Revolution radically changed three areas of life; social, political, and economics.
The revolutionary generation had very different views about the world and politics but they established many political ideas in a very short amount of time. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and the other founders knew that they needed to create the nation based on a set of beliefs not a common ethnicity and America today still follows this belief because of the precedents these men set. The people of the nation that the founders created valued more