Policy Cycle In Public Policy

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Introduction By arguing who the actor is to be responsible to fit into the position of social laws, public policy expresses itself in term of “public offices within government, and by extension the citizens they represent, choose to do or not to do about public problems” (Kraft & Furlong, 2013, pg. 3) in which public policy is the regulation people are following other than laws and regulations. Due to its complexity, policy cycle has been generated as the end-producer of this policy institutionalism. Implicitly, a number of fundamental elements are to be notified as the most significant factors to focus on how well-designed the policy cycle is by regarding to the aspects policy cycle concentrate on. While we pay attention on analyzing the current existing policy cycle developed by Lasswell, the thought of this certain structural paradigm is the key to unlock this door to encourage us to distinguish what the relationship is between policy cycle and cycle-relevant theories. Starting with the emergence of public policy is to undertake “a technical process and as a facet of the Social” (Hodgson, 2007, pg. 37), which the primary goal of policy cycle facilitates the administrative-management task for public policy by restricting each single stage. In additional, policy cycle has indicated itself as the promoter to evaluate how interactive the relationship is between policy cycle and dual-sided theories. In this paper, I will examine how influential the contribution the policy cycle, Political Opportunity Structure and Group-Grid Cultural Theory has gone through vis-a-vis. Policy Cycle In general, everything exists in this world obeys the trace in a unique order in which if some disruption takes place in process of operating the cycle b... ... middle of paper ... ...fluence the choice of program tools?” (Hupe & Hill, 2012, pg. 125). 4. Implementation: To move into the second last step, a number of proposed plans have been interpreted systematically into actions. However, the transformation of plans is in partial operation that “a phase of the overall process that is little understood, not particularly appreciated, and not well-developed-either conceptually or operationally” (Brewer, 1974, pg. 240). This seemingly mistaken occurrence of the step of implement is actually the supporter for the successful transformation into the last step of this model. 5. Evaluation: By moving into the last stage of policy cycle, a systematic evaluation is principally to be performed for its “validity, importance, usefulness, originality, and feasibility” (Nagel, 1990, pg. x) to finish up the incomplete session from the stage of implementation.
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