However, if disciplinary action is thought to be needed then the police force concerned with the incident should investigate the matter, but if it involves a high ranking officer, then the investigation would be carried out by another police force. The PCA is an independent body set up by the Government to oversee public complaints against police officers in the 43 police services in England and Wales. The powers of the PCA are now governed by the Police Act 1996. The PCA supervises investigations into complaints against police officers in England and Wales. To make an official complaint, you can go to any police station to make your complaint, the senior officer on duty who will probably be an inspector or a sergeant will see you.
Retrieved 2014, from MegaLinks in Criminal Justice. Sammons, A. (n.d.). Criminological Psychology; Typological offender profiling. Retrieved 2014, from psychlotron.org.uk : http://www.psychlotron.org.uk/newResources/criminological/A2_AQB_crim_typoProfiling.pdf Snook et al.
Once the police have arrived at the scene, they first have to verify the problem. They have to record the time and the situation. They also need to be sure to record how they learned about the crime or who told them. They would also want to record the appearance of suspects. Then they would want to notify the dispatcher of the situation (http://www.rcmp-learning.org/copp/encopp/s_crime.htm).
In 1822 Sir Robert Peel, the founder of the British system of policing said, “The basic mission for which the police exist is to reduce crime and disorder” (Schmalleger 88). Police Officers main objective is to enforce the laws. They do so by pursuing and apprehending any individual who breaks the law or intent to do so. Police Officers do their job by warning, citing, or arresting any person who has committed a crime. Police Officers patrol their given jurisdiction and investigate any suspicious activities ("Police and Detectives").
Therefore, they apply it when dealing with legal sanctions such as making arrests, giving out a ticket and stopping the offending party. Miller, Blackler and Alexandra (2006) state "police are specialized role players who preserve order and enforce the law" (p. 11). Sometimes, vagueness results when communities fail to engage in a consensus to streamline the issues that constitute criminal behavior law. Communities and legislatures trust the police officers' capacity to exercise discretion. The Ride and Purpose of the Paper The purpose of the paper is to identify who the police on patrol stop on the roads.
The police records crime reported by the public in 43 police force areas and provides these data to the Home Office and for their Basic Command Units. These data provide a wealth of statistical information on recorded crime rates and possibly identify long-term trends in recorded crime rates. Due to such data collecting process, how crime being reported by the victims or witnesses and recorded by the police may affect the accuracy of such official statistics. Thus, however, the main drawbacks of this kind of statistics are excluding crimes that are not discovered, reported or recorded. Firstly, some criminal activities are not witnessed or discovered then not recorded officially by the police.
The Neighborhood Watch programs keep a watchful eye for crimes committed in their neighborhood and report to the police, and the Guardian Angel chapters are endorsed and supported by local law enforcement agencies (Bajandas). Both groups work with the police staying within the boundaries of the law helping to reduce crime. There are many reasons that show how acts of vigilantism are dangerous and illegal. The country and states we live in have laws that have been put into place to protect the people and their freedoms. Without the laws put in place by government, there would be chaos and confusion.
In this essay, I will outline the statutory powers granted to the police and explain how they are used in the fight against crime, including crimes relating to terrorism. I will then evaluate the criticisms made of stop and search powers from a range of sources, before offering solutions of how these criticisms may be addressed. Additionally, I will critically discuss how the Government plan to fight these criticisms and discuss how they plan to reform stop and search powers in the near future. A search without a warrant is a method of detecting criminal activity in the United Kingdom and has existed since the Judges’ Rules which were first issued in 1912 by judges of the King’s Bench with the intention to give police forces guidance on the procedural duties they should fulfil when conducting questioning or detention of suspects. These Judges’ Rules have been replaced by a range of legislation which is collectively regulated by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act of 1984 Code A of practice.
Police ethnographies suggest that the decision to arrest for common offenses is viewed by officers as part of there everyday work, whereas their superior officers tend to view an arrest as a “product”, which contributes to the departments identity, its effectiveness, and efficiency (Mastrofski, Ritti and Snipes 115). Differences in views suggest that the officers out on the street are looking for people to pull over instead of looking for people that they can assist, as the... ... middle of paper ... ..." Philosophy and Public Affairs 1st ser. 23 (1994): 52-73. Web. 2 Nov. 2013.
Our society may see the officers of the criminal justice making an arrest or patrolling the streets, but they do not realize that the criminal justice system has a government type structure, has goals, and is made up of three components, law enforcements, the court and corrections and all three works together to protect an individual’s rights and the rights of the society against crime. Law Enforcement is the first line of action and is the most dangerous component in the justice system. They take crime that happens in their area, investigate crimes and gather evidence.” Law enforcements offices may arrest offenders, give testimony during the court process and conduct follow-up investigation if need.” People look up to the law enforcements because officers being on the line of duty protect the people from crime that’s being commit by others. Crimes are reported to the police which are called “crimes known to the police “which are the more serious crimes. Every government agency under the American constitution may have its own police force.