However, Williams’ chooses not to highlight this variable of fallout exposure until the final chapter of the memoir, which had been previously published before the book. Therefore, one must wonder why Williams chose to write the memoir in this style, completely disregarding the unnatural source of her family’s painful battle with cancer. Development of the Atomic Bomb and the AEC In 1938, an earth-shattering scientific breakthrough was attained by German physicists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassman- the fission of a Uranium atom into a Barium atom- which allowed for the technological development of atomic power. This knowledge was passed onto famous scientists in America such as Neils Bohr and Albert Einstein. Einstein urged President Roosevelt to develop weapons before Hitler’s nuclear physicists ( Ball, 6.)
Nuclear power was always thought to be far too great to ever be used for harm. Many United States officials came to this belief as well, but only once it was too late. At the end of World War II, it was known that Japan was looking for the easiest way to surrender with the least possible consequences toward. It was known that the dropping of the atomic bomb would kill and injure thousands of innocent lives, and destroy everything in its path. Lastly, it was known that the dropping of the atomic bomb would forever change weaponry because a new type of weapon was born.
Nuclear Limitations and Disarmament When a lone B-29 flew over Hiroshima on August 29, 1945, the first nuclear weapon changed the course of international trust and relations. From that point on, countries tried to control each other with building and stockpiling superior nuclear arms. The question of nuclear limitations and of nuclear disarmament finally came under world review. The idea of one country possessing enough firepower to destroy the world is thoughtprovoking, but a look at the nuclear proponents brings up several good points. The concept of a world free of nuclear energy and weapons would shock most people.
Due to the claim that many people had on the atomic bomb by the dual mission to first to compel surrender of the Japanese and second to demonstrate Stalin that Uranium and Plutonium bombs could work in combat condition. I personally think that to first compel surrender of the Japanese should be to only protect ourselves. The United States is justified that I am guessing close to about a million allied lives would have been saved by using the atomic bombs to end the war. Obviously it wouldn 't all just happen over night or within a few days. Roughly for about a year or heavy fighting with many loses it would be to take down the main land.
Truman's decision to drop the atomic bomb changed the way Americans thought about war because of its traumatic after effects. Under President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration the atomic bomb was being developed. After Roosevelt died, his vice president Harry Truman was appointed President of the United States. Truman was never informed about the bombs development until an emergency cabinet meeting (Kuznick 9). Truman had to make the fatal decision on whether the bomb was to be dropped on Japan.
Many, many nations have developed nuclear weapons since the Hiroshima bombing and these nations have the capabilities to do to the United States what the United States did to Japan. In 1945, the world was on the brink of nuclear holocaust. Although the world has settled in to more peaceful times since then, the world still fears another conflict which could extinguish the entire human race (58 Sagan). The first post-war effects of the United States' use of the atomic bomb was the Cold War and more specifically the Cuban missile crisis. The U.S., the sole-possessor of atomic weapons at the time, was upset at the Soviets policy of expanding westward.
The overriding influence on this is that the detonation of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki have impacted nuclear disarmament efforts more than the creation of the bomb itself. Although the atomic bomb initially was seen as a great contribution to scientific progress, most scientists immediately regretted its creation after witnessing its detonation and many criticized the bombing of Japan. Top scientists such as Enrico Enfermi and Robert Oppenheimer worked together on the Manhattan Project to develop the atomic bomb during World War II.2 Oppenheimer described the test explosion using a line from the Bhagavad Gita, the Hindu Holy Book, “now I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds”.3 Once development work was completed, the government wasted no time to deploy its powerful, new weapon. Japan was the only combatant remaining for the US and the Allies to defeat in the war, and so in 1945, the United States decided to drop two atomic weapons, Little Boy and Fat Man, on the large, key industrial cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.4 The Japanese quickly surrendered and the Americans claimed victory. The government suppressed any documentation and media coverage, and so the public... ... middle of paper ... ...ak of 13,255 warheads during the Cold War and also has joined bilateral and multilateral efforts to reduce even further.
Many historians argue that the United States began the Cold War by ending World War II with the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Four years later, on August 9, 1949, the Soviet Union developed its own nuclear weapons. At the time, both sides lacked the means to effectively use the nuclear devices against each other. However, with the development of aircraft like the B-36 Peacemaker, both sides were gaining more ability to deliver nuclear weapons effectively. The official nuclear policy of the United States was one of "massive retaliation", as coined by President Eisenhower, which called for massive nuclear attack against the Soviet Union if they were to invade Europe.
In this paper I will talk about how I believe it should be done and what opponents to my view believe. I will also talk about how there are many complexities to nuclear strategy and it’s not as easy as just removing weapons. But the main focus on this paper is what should the function of a nuclear weapon be and that’s deterrence. Deterrence is a military strategy in which the main purpose is to prevent an attack by the enemy or to persuade an enemy not to attack you knowing they will be equally destroyed. Luckily during the Cold War era despite a rapid increase in weapons technologies there was no large-scale strategic conflict since the Second World War.
They died from radiation sickness and different types of cancers. Whilst the atomic bomb is considered as one of the greatest inventions of all time, in terms of how it could protect a nation, is it really worth having numerous amounts of governments on edge at the thought of a weapon so powerful? Ronald Reagan described nuclear weapons as: “Totally irrational, totally inhumane, good for nothing but killing, possibly leading to the destruction of life on Earth and civilisation.” He spoke nothing but the truth. President Reagan was a nuclear abolitionist. He believed that the only reason to have nuclear weaponry was to prevent the Soviet Union from using their’s.