Philosophy has guided great thinkers towards obtaining a radical grasp on the world. Masterminds like these are born, grow up, and die; yet, their theories tend to impact humanity’s perception of the world. We call them philosophers, although geniuses such as Plato and Aristotle are the leading examples of understanding simple, but uncovered questions that make up our character. For example, what is life? This is a popular question that people have asked themselves from the moment reason kicks in.
Socrates is a pioneer in discussing the question of a philosophical (paideia), as he defined his method "maieutic." He was not an authoritarian teacher, but a sparring partner in the process of self-education. Moreover, he considered himself as the most learned and, at the same time, the wisest in Greece, just because he was conscious of his ignorance. Therefore, he understood for the first time in our cultural tradition that knowledge is an endless process rather than a product, within marked bounds. From its first appearance in western culture, philosophy has been considered able to build up reality, to educate men and to disclose truth.
The second reason the philosopher is preferred is because of the notion that philosophers have the experience of all regimes and therefor they fully know what it is like to be the other forms of rule. In Plato’s world, the philosopher king is the fittest ruler versus a democratic a democratic ruler. Plato’s idea of a democratic man is first seen, when he describes behaviors of them, “he is lazing around and neglecting everything” Plato goes on to say “There is no order in this life of his, nothing to
The development of Athenian democracy has been fundamental for the basis of modern political thinking, although many in modern society UK would be sceptical to call it a democracy. Plato and Aristotle in The Republic and The Politics respectively were critical of the Athenian democracy, by examining the culture and ideology present the limitations and possible downfalls of a democratic way of life. Within this essay I will outline these limitations and evaluate their validity. Plato defines Athens as a democratic society that “treats all men as equal, whether they are equal or not.” Therefore, believes that there are those that are born to rule and others that are born to be ruled. Plato presents the argument that democracy does not achieve the greatest good, giving four main objections to democracy.
Philosophers are all known for questioning and exploring Ideals; taking a look at all options and what is most important. While Aristotle and Plato both take a plunge into the unknowns of a political state, Aristotle demonstrates a state for individuals, to rule as equals, contrary to Plato’s strict utopian structure and group over individual hierarchy view of the ideal state. Plato’s ideal state is strictly structured through a utopian ideal. Everything within Plato’s ideal state has a place and purpose, and everyone within it is aware of that. While the state works for the people as a whole instead of individual, Plato also proposes the idea of propaganda to mold even the lowest of his utopia into model citizens for the state.
These types of societies put no weight onto the individual opinions. The character General Zod clearly exemplifies this type of individual being bred for the benefit of the state by say... ... middle of paper ... ...ently very influenced by the ideologies of Plato in his work “The Republic”. The criticism of a society that is regulated down to the source of its civilisation is not a society that can develop or has potential for growth. It thus becomes a stagnant and decaying civilisation that ultimately deteriorates in both Plato’s and Kyrpton’s use of such a structure. However, the difference between the two examples is the Kyrptonian’s, much like the society in Plato’s work, does not allow themselves to accept a higher truth.
The following essay aims to analyze the passage by synthesizing its main ideas and incorporating them into the broader framework of Plato’s philosophy. For Plato, the rigorous dichotomy between the visible and the intelligible realms was always central to his views as philosopher, particularly in the case of the good. The common citizens of ancient Greece, as was mentioned in Book VI, often tended to regard the good as something material that can be touched; therefore they praised beauty and deemed pleasure as the example of the good. Plato’s argument was that their position was false as the good was intelligible and could not be explained by the visible. Here comes another important aspect to grasp from Plato’s philosophy: the existence of Forms – Ideals.
Democracy is a topic extensively studied by political philosophers all around the world. Plato was one of these philosophers. Plato believed that “democracy […] is a charming form of government, full of verity and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike”. An analysis of ancient Athenian democracy and the Republic provides great understanding of the statement within its context. The statement itself is valid, but Plato does not appear to mean what he said.
Socrates was an innovating philosopher whose teachings made him one of the most influential figures in history. Most knowledge proclaimed by historians about Socrates are collected from Plato’s (Socrates’ student) writings, for Socrates’ teaching were never recorded/ written. Plato was one of Socrates’ most famous students, who was very inspired by Socrates’ enforcement of the significance of morals and continued to spread wisdom, Plato gained as a pupil. Aristotle, student of Plato and a well-known philosopher, respected and accept Plato’s and Socrates’ beliefs, despite disagreeing with some ideas. Now apparent, Socrates influenced some of the most famous and impactful philosophers as of today.
Today many people regard Plato as the first genuine political philosopher and Aristotle as the first political scientist. They were both great thinkers in regards to, in part with Socrates, being the foundation of the great western philosophers. Plato and Aristotle each had ideas in how to proceed with improving the society in which they were part of during their existence. It is necessary therefore to analyze their different theoretical approaches regarding their philosophical perspectives, such as ethics and psychology. This paper however will mainly concentrate on Aristotle’s views on friendship and how it impacts today’s society.