consist of a form of virtue ethics, in which the ethical action is that which properly complies with virtue(s) by finding the mean within each particular one. Aristotle outlines two types of virtues: moral/character virtues and intellectual virtues. Though similar to, and inspired by, Plato and Socrates’ ethics, Aristotle's ethical account differs in some areas. Aristotle, a student of Plato, is known for his contributions in many fields of philosophy, ethics being one of the most prominent. He produced
was born 428 B.C., both sides of his parents were well off financially and politically, and that he studied under Socrates. Plato was a faithful follower of Socrates, but they did not agree on everything, for instance they had a different view on the education of women. Plato believed that women could be taught and Socrates did not share this view. In Plato’s early 20’s he was very interested in a political career, his Uncle Critas had a major role in overthrowing a democratic government. The
existence and as such has been discussed by many a philosopher over the ages. Plato discussed Justice at length and this paper will discuss the following questions relating to justice based upon his findings: what is Plato’s account of the nature of justice for the individual, how does Plato build his account, why does Plato take it that the claim made by Thracymachus is altogether mistaken – if indeed he does? Plato finds that justice is the harmonious balance of the three elements of the soul
(Boston: The Beacon Press, 1957) 22-27. 2Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates: Four Dialogues (New York: Dover Publications, 1992) 20-25. 3Plato 30-35. 4Plato 41. 5Leo Strauss, Socrates and Aristophanes (New York/London: Basic Books Inc., 1966) 311. 6Strauss 14. 7James W. Hulse, The Reputations of Socrates (New York: Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 1995) 0. 8C.D.C. Reeve, Socrates in the Apology: An Essay on Plato’s Apology of Socrates (Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1989) 184.