The Social Determinants of health are what people experience in terms of birth, living, work and age all of which can contribute to the overall well being of individuals. This essay will focus on the social determinants of housing, which will examine the issue of income, poverty, overcrowding, the difference between social and private housing, unsatisfactory living arrangements, and green spaces; all of which can go on to affect the individual and their family’s physical health and mental health state.
Dr. Ehrenreich understands that she will never have a real experience with poverty, especially since this is nothing more than experiment for her. In addition to this she has a couple of important advantages over a lot of low income workers this being that she is a natural born English speaker and she owns a car as well. Her goal in this project is simply to see if she can live off that income and pay basic expenses as the lower class does on a daily basis. One of the well illustrated themes in this book is simply poverty in America. America has a lack of social programs for the lower class and can seem rather oblivious to this issue with its least privileged citizens. Poverty is not just a cause and effect of unemployment because nobody is safe from it those who are fully employed with a great check can still slip into deep poverty. This theme is demonstrated just by Dr. Ehrenreich even
Furthermore it creates a rhetoric that states it is the responsibility of the middle class to change the circumstances of those in need. This makes those in the middle class have a pressure they did not choose, and also those in poverty an expectation that they might not otherwise have had. Other than when Beegle states, “If the teacher had been exposed to Poverty 101, she would have the skills needed to find out what motivators made sense to me (342),” she makes no other suggestions on just how exactly the middle class would end the cycles of
The lower class is struggling to provide for their families. Even just for single people, living alone is a challenge. The mix of low wages and high rent prices is killing the lower classes chances of living comfortably. After reading this it is evident that even when you have a job, you still can be struggling. Ehrenreich ends by saying “ours is an economic culture that reflexively rewards and flatters the prosperous while punishing and insulting the poor, no matter how hard they work. Turning this around is the task of a lifetime, at
...for the poor into the public realm. The decline of a middle class is affecting the structure of society because cities and public venues were once designed to serve the middle class. However, without such a class, cities are now being designed to service an elite class and it is this class that has the power and control over public life. With the widening division between classes, services to the non-elite members of society will continue to diminish.
...elp the working middle class from falling into poverty or to help the working poor rise out of poverty. Furthermore the working poor themselves lack the knowledge and power to demand reform. David Shipler says it best when he writes, “Relief will come, if at all, in an amalgam that recognizes both the society’s obligation through government and business, and the individual’s obligation through labor and family —and the commitment of both society and individual.” (Shipler 5786-5788) It is time for America to open its eyes and see the invisible working poor.
Harm de Blij and his “The Power of Place: Geography, Destiny, and Globalization’s Rough Landscape” truly describes how geography is displayed in the world today. In particular on of the major themes that he discusses is the idea of globalization. He actually calls these people the “globals.” In the very beginning of his book he describes two different types of peoples: Locals and Globals. The difference between these people is that Locals are the poorer people, not as mobile, and more susceptible to the concept of place. On the other hand the Globals are the fortunate population, and are a small group of people who have experienced globalization firsthand (5). This idea of globalization is a main theme that Blij refers to throughout the book, however he also indirectly references the five themes of cultural geography: culture regions, cultural diffusion, cultural interaction, cultural ecology, and cultural landscapes. Through Blij’s analysis these five themes are revealed in detail and help explain his overall idea of globalization in the world today.
Compared to other developed nations in America there is a large gap between the working poor and the wealthy and it has increased in the last 40 years (Mankiw, 2014). By gauging a better understanding, Shipler makes the reader want to fight for the working poor with the way he describes their struggles in detail. By interviewing workers from around the country with different circumstances, demographics, professions, and located in different regions Shipler was able to gain a realistic data of the working poor population. After interviewing individuals he was able to gain an insight into the struggles of those that are invisible like having to choose between the luxuries of the middle class like having a cable or a cell phone or paying their bills, the meager wages and hard hours single mothers like Caroline have to struggle through to provide for their family, and feeling like they don’t matter to their employers. Along with detailing the struggles of the working poor Shipler mentions possible solutions along the way that society could assist with like increasing minimum wage so the working poor could have the opportunity to survive, possible programs that would focus the children of the working poor so they could have a better future in high school and beyond, and if employers were able to reduce some of the requirements more opportunities could be provided to the working poor. With the creation of state and local communities that provide outreach like teaching job etiquette, proper hygiene, education, and transportation more individuals would be able to gain better self-esteem and have reliable transport to work. In order, to have a fighting chance the invisible American’s need society to fight for them, so those that make up the working poor know that they
Creswell explores the notion of place by looking at David Harvey’s view in ‘From Space to Place and Back Again’, and comparing it to Doreen Massey’s view of place in ‘A Global Sense of Place’, 1994. These chapters were published in the 90s, an era of rapid globalization that resulted in homogenization and cultural imperialism.
“The main thing is to root politics in place. The affinity for home permits a broad reach in the process of coalition building. It allows strange bedfellows to find one another. It allows worldviews to surface and change. It allows politics to remain an exercise in hope. And it allows the unthinkable to happen sometimes.” Allen Thein Durning, This Place on Earth , P.249
“All of us experience change in our lives. Change is the one constant in our lives. There are changes that we look forward to and change that we fear. However, one thing is for sure. Things will not stay the same no matter how much we would like them too”(Familyfriendpoems). The movie that this paper about is Smoke Signals by Sherman Alexie and directed by Chris Eyre. Smoke Signals is a movie about 2 Indians named Victor and Thomas and of their journey to Phoenix, Arizona to get Victor’s dad’s ashes. Thomas is the one who always tells stories and Victor is the one that had his dad leave him. Victor is the most changed character by the place that he visits. Before he goes to Arizona he is mad at his dad and doesn’t respect Thomas for who he is. But, when he goes to Arizona for his dad’s ashes he changes his thinking and realizes that he can’t be mad at his dad forever and he has to accept Thomas for the person that he is.
2. The contribution of critical social work tradition has been of great importance in bringing out social action to the centre of such debates. As since the starting of the social work it has emphasized on the importance of social action (intervention ) as compared to clinical social work. As merely witnessing the problems will not solve the issues faced by or in the society. there are sympathetic politicians, bureaucrats and decision makers, but they work in a milieu that has shifted towards privatization, maximum profit, costs versus care, and they are heavily influenced by polls. We are in a new federal regime that is receiving the message that we like what they are doing and we have to change that.
I opened the door of my apartment’s rooftop on a relaxing Sunday morning. Lying on a sun lounger without goals and urges, I started to think about how we comprehend the world through different senses, and decided to experience the environment on my own.
...oblem than is poverty. At no time during the years examined has poverty been seen as one of the crucial problems facing the nation by more than 6 percent of the population. The results of these problems are high criminal activity in low income regions and increased prison population (Merrick, 2002). Lack of social support and poor welfare policies lead to poverty among low income populations. It is difficult to eliminate barriers and cultural prejudices existing in the society. In other words, cultural and social minority are destined to live in poverty working full-time. Some researchers underline that government interventions should change behavior in all of the social classes and thus brought about disruption in society. The values of the work ethic and the free market system have been forgotten, as the society has become more interested in short term benefits.