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Piaget's Influence On Cognitive Development

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Piaget has always been a significant figure in the area of cognitive development and he has influenced and prompted research in the area. Neo-Piagetian theories elaborate on Piaget’s basic theories and often combine it with information-processing theory (Boyd & Bee, 2014). He had strong ideas about the development of schemes in young children and the processes of those in relation to cognitive development. He also theorized four causes of cognitive development, two of these internal and the remaining two external. Egocentrism, false belief principle and theory of mind all have an extremely strong influence on early childhood thinking and development. Although Piaget’s theories have been around for over 70 years many of them are still extremely…show more content…
Equilibration is a natural cause and when triggered often causes a child to move into the next developmental stage as they have a better understanding of their world (Boyd & Bee, 2014). The Piaget theorized the individual maturation of a child’s brain had control over their cognitive development as well, this could be either relative to the individual or caused by external factors that stunt children’s mental growth, such as lack of necessary nutrition (Boyd & Bee, 2014). The two external causes are social transmission and experience. Social transmission is the information the children pick up from the people around them, usually parents and teachers (Boyd & Bee, 2014). They collect information such as the names of objects and witness important displays of how a mature cognitive development acts (Boyd & Bee, 2014). Not only would this cause cognitive development but social transmission would also teach children about societal norms (Morgan, Laland & Harris, 2015). By listening to and watching the people around them they would begin to be able to figure what is and what is not expected of them, what is considered to be deviant and how to act in certain situations or around different types of people (Morgan et al, 2015). The last influence on cognitive development is experience; through this the child is able to teach themselves things as they begin to gain understanding…show more content…
Egocentrism is another Piagetian theory and is often exhibited around the preoperational stage, according to Piaget the child will it find it challenging to see the world from another person’s perspective and comprehend that not everyone sees the world the same way they do (Piaget, 1995). Egocentrism can have a strong influence on moral development; for example, if the child is unable to see from another person’s point of view it is unlikely they will be empathetic (Boom, 2011). According to Gibbs (2003), egocentrism begins to lessen as working memory strengthens and the child begins to encounter social perspective-taking experiences although a person will never completely grow out of it. False belief principle is the understanding that depending on the information a different person has they may not be able to figure out an answer, for example if rock is painted to look like an orange another person would not be able to tell that it is not an orange without touching it (Flavell, Miller & Miller, 1993). To be able to understand false belief principle a child would not be able to be very egocentric or they would not be able to understand that the person would not know the orange was a rock without touching it. The theory of mind develops over a period of three to four years, it is measured by approaching the child with some ideas and asking them
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