Piaget And Vygotsky 's Theory Of Psychology

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Piaget and Vygotsky were born in 1896, they are two great masters of psychology. Among them, Piaget is the source of the cognitive school, Vygotsky is the social and cultural history school of the soul, they are a series of basic problems of psychology discussed systematically. Because of the divergent opinions of the two factions, Piaget and Vygotsky himself, and later theorists and researchers, all engaged in a heated argument. Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist. He is arguably the most influential figure in research in children 's cognitive growth. Piaget identified different stages of development following a hierarchical structure of ‘simple to complex’ and ‘concrete to abstract’. He is the first evidence that children’s and adult’s thinking are qualitatively different. Lev Vygotsky was a psychologist in the early Soviet Union. He believed that it was through social interactions with more experienced and more knowledgeable members of their society-parents, relatives, teachers, peers that children could acquire the knowledge and skills that a culture deems to be important (Keenan and Thomas 2009). While Piaget saw children’s cognitive development as an individual endeavour, Vygotsky stressed the social and environmental forces. Where Piaget took the facial look of a youngster as an observational scientist, Vygotsky likened the child to an apprentice, gaining knowledge and accomplishments of a culture through interaction with those who already possess that knowledge and those skills (Jonathan and Malcolm 2013). Per the relationship between the learning and development, Piaget believe that the child 's "schema" to a certain stage of development, only for his next study provides the possibility of children bey... ... middle of paper ... ...nt; Vygotsky is concerned with how the environment in which the individual is acting affects the individual and governs the course of development. Piaget focuses on the study of the order and direction of individual internal mental development, recognizing the fundamental role of logical operations within human mental activity, emphasizing the role of the inherent logical processes of mankind; and Vygotsky is concerned with making development possible The realization of human individual intelligence to rely on appropriate human cultural history as a means of mental activity tools to achieve psychological activity, emphasizing the cultural impact of the role. We can find that all the centre of the controversy stems from whether the human development to find a basic reason is the individual 's own internal growth or history, society, culture and other external factors.
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