The tsunami effected people as soon as it hit land and its effects are still being felt today. The tsunami along with the earthquake caused around 25 trillion yen ($30 billion) worth of damage. The earthquake was caused because of the Pacific Plate subducting below the North American plate. The top of the subduction zone moved slowly while the bottom of the subduction zone moved quickly causing the quake and the 10m movement in the sea level. The depth of the earthquake was a maximum of 17 miles (27.36km) and it was around 231 miles of north east of Tokyo.
The first wave of the tsunami struck about an hour after the initial earthquake. The wave reached heights up to 128 feet and the waters flooded 6 miles inland and quickly ravaged the countryside. In total the waves flooded 217 square miles of Japan (Oskin, 2015). Broken roads made travel difficult to get to high ground. The initial death toll was 20,000 people, with an additional 2,000 deaths from post-disaster health conditions (CNN, 2016).
A Tsunami in Santa Cruz Out of all the natural disasters that we talk about in class, the most deadly would have to be a Tsunami. Compared to earthquakes, Tsunamis have cause more deaths since 1945. A Tsunami is likely to strike anywhere on the west coast, including Santa Cruz in California – United States – North America – 36:58:24N 122:02:09W. A Tsunami is a giant “wave” of water that is caused by a sudden shift in the sea floor. The wave is a result of the water attempting to regain its equilibrium, which is driven by gravity.
As Japan is located along the so-called “Ring of Fire” in the Pacific ocean, earthquakes are just a part of life. This particular earthquake was not even the worst Japan has had. In 1923, the Great Kanto Earthquake killed more than 100,000 people (Oskin). The 2011 earthquake came as a shock to scientists in Japan, however for two reasons. One being that a large magnitude 7.2 earthquake struck just two days before and was even followed by a tsunami (Sorkhabi).
An earthquake in the ocean triggered a massive tsunami which was more than 30 meters in height. It killed roughly 200,000 people. Along with many tsunamis, many of the most powerful earthquakes ever recorded have taken place in this region. May 22, 1960 in Valdivia Chile the most powerful earthquake ever recorded took place. The earthquake measured a magnitude 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale.
Tsunamis are one of the most deadly natural disasters in the world and one that people understand little about. Researchers always believed that earthquakes that cause tsunamis only occur at subduction zones but that conception changed in 2004. This event that happened near Sumatra, Indonesia really drew attention to understanding how tsunamis function. This was one of the most damaging tsunamis in recent history accounting for nearly a quarter of a million deaths. There are many reasons for the casualties that occurred but one thing that is certain is that the tsunamis are very unpredictable.
Earthquakes can be predictable, and unpredictable. They can be harmless, or your worst nightmare. The consequences of natural disasters are unimaginable and it is impossible to fully comprehend the thoughts running through the heads of those left homeless or family less. On March 11, 2011, Japan’s coast was hit by a tsunami, its results affecting almost everywhere in the world. “A tsunami (pronounced soo-NAHM-ee) is a series of huge waves that occur as the result of a violent underwater disturbance, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption.
An earthquake can occur on land and underwater. When there are Earthquakes underwater a tsunami is caused. A tsunami is just as deadly as an earthquake. When there are Earthquakes near human population, people suffer as there is a loss of life, property and family and various other things. There was a mega thrust underwater earthquake in the Indian Ocean in the year 2004 popularly known as the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami.This earthquake was so powerful that it caused a tsunami which hit eleven countries of the coast off Indian Ocean!!
An earthquake occurs abruptly and causes severs damage to people, property, landscape and more. A great mega-thrust earthquake, known as the Great Tohoku Earthquake has shaken Japan at 5:46:24 UTC on March 11, 2011. It caused a severe disaster, including tsunami and nuclear radiation exposure.. This mega-quake located at the latitude 38.297 degree North and longitude of 142.372 degree East, near the east coast of Honshu, Japan (USGS, 2013). An earthquake and tsunami waves caused widespread damage to many areas of Japan.
The earthquake has also caused the earth to move between 4 and 6.5 (10–16cm) inches on its axis. This earthquake caused the tsunami because when the earthquake happened it suddenly shifted the sea floor in vertical motion, which moved the water Colum above it. This process started a series of giant waves called a tsunami. For the Japanese government this was the worst thing that could happen to them in the way that they lost a lot of citizens but also financially. This effected not only the Japanese government with damage costs but also the manufacturing business, exporting business and the insurance business.