He also did significant work in electrochemistry, stating the First and Second Laws of Electrolysis. This laid the basis for electrochemistry, another great modern industry. The research that established Faraday as the foremost experimental scientist of his day was, however, in the fields of electricity and magnetism. In 1821 he plotted the magnetic field around a conductor carrying an electric current; the existence of the magnetic field had first been observed by the Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted in 1819.
On this trip Franklin attended a lecture by Dr. Archibald Spencer on electricity. After hearing the lecture Franklin became infatuated with electricity and began conducting experiments of his own. Not knowing very much, F... ... middle of paper ... ...able, steady current of electricity. Today, over two hundred and fifty years later, scientists are still using Ben Franklin’s discoveries to further the world. Today we depend on electricity for just about everything, and most of our electricity is produced from burning fossil fuels.
Tesla was also going to use them to help deliver free energy to the people. He envisioned and believed the Earth to be a big magnet of transmitting electricity. He thought the only thing missing from it was basically a receiver. But his tesla coils helped him bring about the invention of electrical lighting, his very used and widely-known x-ray, electrotherapy, and as I have previously stated, this was his first step at trying to receive energy from the earth. Today, the tesla coil is used for amusement and in some cases, they are used to identify leaks in a vacuum system.
Ernest Rutherford also known as The Lord Rutherford of Nelson, born on the 30/08/1871, was born in Brightwater, Tasman District, New Zealand and is renowned as the father of nuclear physics and is considered the greatest experimentalist. He succeeded in differentiating between alpha and beta radiation, at McGill University. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work into the disintegration of elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. In addition, he set forth the laws of radioactive decay. He completed his first degree at the University of New Zealand and began teaching at a school in New Zealand, where he taught unruly pupils.
Niels Bohr was a major contributor to modern physics. He won a Nobel Prize for his work on the atomic model. Also he came up with a way to furthermore define what a nucleus looks like, and also worked on the Quantum theory. He accomplished all of this while living in Copenhagen, Denmark and being a Jewish Chemist during World War II. Post-war he became a major contributor to his Open-World theory of helping Nations intelligence between each other about weapons of mass destruction.
Benjamin Franklin believed that clouds must be electrically charged, which would mean that lightning must also be electrical. For his first experiment, he stood on an electrical stand with an iron rod in one hand to achieve an electrical discharge between the other hand and the ground. If Franklin’s belief that the clouds were electrically charged was correct, then sparks should leap between the iron rod and a grounded wire held by and insulating wax candle. This test method was published in London and performed in both England and France. Thomas Francois D’Alibard of France was the first to successfully perform this experiment in May of 1752, when sparks were seen jumping from the iron rod during a thunderstorm.
Thomas Edison, famed for inventing the light bulb and phonograph, embraced the standard method of direct-current, or DC, power distribution. Produced by batteries and dynamos, DC describes the unidirectional flow of an electrical charge. But George Westinghouse, the electrical engineer who built a fortune by making improvements to America’s railroad system, threw his weight behind the development of a power network based on alternating current, or AC, a more efficient transmission method whose magnitude changes cyclically. Nikola Tesla, one of the most eccentric and prolific electrical engineers in history also was in favor of AC. Tesla, whose work formed the basis of AC power, is one of the most admired pioneers in electrical engineering.
In ancient Greece, Thales observed that an electric charge could be generated by rubbing amber, for which the Greek word is electron. The German physicist Otto von Guericke experimented with generating electricity in 1650, the English physicist Stephen Gray discovered electrical conductivity in 1729, and the American statesman and inventor Benjamin Franklin studied the properties of electricity by conducting his famous experiment of flying a kite with a key attached during electrical storms. However, the first workable device for generating a consistent flow of electricity was invented around 1799 by the Italian inventor Alessandro Volta. Volta’s discovery of a means of converting chemical energy into electrical energy formed the basis for nearly all modern batteries. Beginning his work in 1793, Volta observed the electrical interaction between two different metals submerged near each other in an acidic solution.
Four survived to adult hood, and one, Aage, would soon be known as a physics scientist well as his father. 1916 Niels Bohr, after teaching at Manchester’s Victoria University, settled again at the University of Copenhagen as a professor. Bohr went to work with a lot of scientist who interested in the research on nuclear fission during the 1930s, to which he co... ... middle of paper ... ...this fire inside of them a desire so big that it didn’t matter what it took. The entire family helped each other on what every needed helping or improving. It’s pretty amazing to read about all these achievements that they all made and how many people look up to not only Niels Bohr but the entire family.
Members of the Royal Society had their scientific works published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. (DOSB,129) Some of Franklin’s first works were studying electricity in the 1740’s and this was his most important work that he performed. Much of his work was based upon modifying Newton’s theories of electricity. Two gentlemen influenced him in electricity, Adam Spencer in Boston and Philadelphia and Peter Collinson of London. Some of the first experiments that Franklin did were with three other gentlemen, Philip Syng, Thomas Hopkinson and Ebenezer Kinnersley, in Philadelphia.