Physical Training, Ergonomics And Cognitive Behavioral Training

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Introduction (OHS) Occupational Health and Safety is a standard based guidelines which set out the responsibilities of the company and employees to ensure that safety in the workplace must be maintained. Despite the policies and hospital procedures, there are reported cases of sickness absences and leaving jobs. Generally back injuries are one of the biggest concerns, because it is the leading cause of disability among nurses in the health industry. This can be associated with dynamic working conditions such as lifting, manual handling of patients, standing for long hours and improper use of body mechanics. This paper examines the other activities that contribute to the development back pain, and to explore the effectiveness of multi-disciplinary interventions that includes physical training, ergonomics and cognitive behavioural training and finally, to suggest ways for improving health and safety in the hospital settings. Methodology Quantitative methods are mainly used in the data collection process of the three research studies. (De Castro et. al. 2009) used self-administered survey by cross sectional approach to gather data from 655 nurses in different fields of nursing, including nursing administrators, educators and sub-acute nurses in thirteen regions of the Philippines. Similarly, (Shawashi et al. 2013) conducted a self-report questionnaire combined with descriptive study, to summarise the data gathered from 150 nurses working in the critical care unit in a government hospital in Jordan. However, (Rasmussen et. al. 2015) implemented pragmatic step wedge cluster randomised controlled trial approach on 594 participants that are nurses’ aide working in nursing homes and divided into four groups to compare the results within ... ... middle of paper ... injuries for the nurses. Limitations and further research (De Castro et al. 2009) and (Shawashi et al. 2013) utilised self-administered questionnaire was seen as a limitation of the study, because it is difficult to test the reliability of the information gathered. Secondly the sample size and response rate of these research were too low. Furthermore, quantitative approach usually require a larger population size. Secondly, the research was conducted in one specific area. Further studies should include collection of data in other unit of the hospital, such as emergency department, radiology department, operating room and so on. Whereas (Rasmussen et al. 2013) implemented step wedge randomized trial that cost £900,000 and takes two years to complete. Future research should use alternative research design which is less time consuming and inexpensive.

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