Physical Growth Of The United States

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The U.S. grew physically, politically, and economically from its inception in 1776 to 1876. I will break these down individually over the next few pages and use specific historical examples to illustrate its growth and identify historical trends or patterns throughout the growth. I will first discuss the physical growth of the United States. When we talk about physical growth of the United States, it has to require two meanings. The nation grew in land mass and population. The land mass started out as thirteen colonies making up what is mostly the eastern seaboard. By August 1, 1876, we had 38 states in the union with the admission of Colorado. How did we get here? The Revolutionary War did not end until 1783 and the United States was formed as we gained our independence from Britain. At the time of the ratification of the constitution in 1790, the population was 3.75 million across the original thirteen states . As people started to move out from the cities and seek new opportunities on the frontier, we divided territory into states. This land was not newly gained as it already belonged to the U. S. We gained new landmasses in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase . This new area of land, at over 825,000 square miles, essentially doubled the size of the nation and secured the richest river valley in the world. By 1819, nine frontier states had joined the original thirteen. To preserve the North-South balance, they joined as either slave or free states . Opportunity came for Andrew Jackson in 1819 as he entered Florida and took Pensacola and St. Marks. Spain ceded Florida and Oregon to the United States, with the Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819, in exchange for America’s abandonment of claims to Texas . Florida did not physically become a s... ... middle of paper ... ... Civil War, the economy suffered more in the South than in the North. The North was able to maintain itself since it contained both factory and farm. The South counted on cotton sales to Britain, but King Cotton was overthrown by poor sales and blockades from the North. The South was devastated by destruction of farms and plantations, which made recovery difficult. Another huge contributor to the Souths economic woes was their economy was based on a labor pool of slaves. The South’s economy declined and did not recover for several years following the loss of the Civil War in 1865. Eventually, the war made the nation stronger, but the wounds of the war continued for many years following. Ingenuity and invention has made our country a leader in the world economy. The industrial revolution, which came later, pushed the United States to be the world leader economically.
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