Physical Development During The Prenatal Stages

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Prenatal Development: Physical: During prenatal development, the mother's general health and age is very important. Nutrition, anxiety, and stress are a big part of the physical development during the prenatal stages. Referenced by Eysenck & Schoenthaler (1997) in our text, “A rapidly growing body of evidence reveals that when food sources are short on protein or essential vitamins and minerals during prenatal and early postnatal development, an infant’s physical, socio-emotional, and intellectual development can be compromised” (as cited by Broderick & Blewitt, 2010, p. 56).Genetic and chromosomal problems can begin at conception. Many disorders can be transmitted through the operation of dominant and recessive genes. Most recessive disorders are diagnosed in early childhood. Some genetic disorders include the following: sickle cell disease, hemophilia, night blindness, cystic fibrosis, extra fingers, high blood pressure, and huntington's disease. Chromosomal errors also effect the prenatal development stage. The most common is Down syndrome, in which a child has 3 copies of chromosome 21. The risk of bearing a child with this condition depends on the age of the mother. Social/Cultural: It is know that HIV and AIDS is more prevalent in some cultures. Environmental: The environment can influence a lot during prenatal development. Broderick & Blewitt (2010) state “genes can do nothing without environmental input—and that environmental effects are shaped by genetic constraints” (p. 34). Teratogens and disease can cause birth defects during prenatal development. Pregnant mothers should avoid things like drugs, radiation, and stay away from people or places that could be infested with viruses. These can result in a defect in th... ... middle of paper ... ...nced by genetics and environmental factors. Individuals start to become very concern about their body images and their appearance. During this phase there is a lot of "horse playing", play which involves hitting, wrestling, chasing, laughing, and screaming at times. Boys tend to become more active in sports while girls are really into the way they look. Boys tend to develop more muscle while girls develop more fatty tissue. During middle childhood through adolescence, individuals should have all of their immunizations. This maybe the stage where they may start to have acute medical condition or chronic medical conditions. Parents who encourage physical exercise tend to have youngsters who enjoy it more and who are also more skilled. Works Cited Broderick, P. C. & Blewitt, P. (2010). The life span (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
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