These kinds of abuses harm the child’s mental and physical health. The emotional and psychological effects of maltreatment may be far more harmful to the well being of the child than the apparent physical injury. Many studies indicate that abused children are at increase risk of becoming like their parents and repeating the abusive pattern of child rearing to which they were exposed (national committee for prevention of child abuse 1983). Background Child abuse and neglect has recently become the focus of attention of all prevention centers and organizations for children care. Mistreatment of children has existed through history.
Another form of child abuse is Physical neglect. This type of abuse involves the parents’ failure to provide for the child’s needs. “ Among the cases of abuse reported, 52 percent involved physical abuse or emotional neglect, 24.5 percent involved physical abuse, 12.6 percent involved sexual abuse, 4.5 percent involved emotional abuse, and 17.3 percent involved other abuses, such as educational neglect or abandonment” (“Child Abuse” Encarta). Many people have difficulty understanding why any person would want to hurt a child. “The public often assumes that the people that abuse their children suffer from a mental illness but fewer than 10 percent of abusers have mental illnesses” (“Child Abuse” Encarta).
As a consequence of child abuse, children can have improper brain development, anxiety, impaired social skills, depression, and an increased risk for engaging in risky behaviors (CDC, 2017). Not only does child abuse effect individuals, but it also can affect the family of the abused child. The Oregon Department of Human Services (2009) commented that the structure of a family can be greatly impacted by child abuse. It is not uncommon to see children who have been taken from their families and placed in protective services. If a child is abused by a family member or other adult, the parents of the abused child can feel guilty and become emotionally distressed from not protecting their child (Oregon Department of Human Services, 2009).
Child Abuse Child abuse has been known one of the major destructions of lives in the society. National center for injury control and prevention for child maltreatment has made it known that over a million of children suffer from child abuse, while some children lose their lives from maltreatment. More than seven children die as a result of child abuse, and some programs have been developed in order to help children from being abused. There are only four major types of abuses: emotional abuse, sexual abuse, physical abuse and neglect. Child abuse has been found to have bad effects on the lives of the abused victims.
Of those reported, nearly 80% of perpetrators were parents. The most common types of child abuse are physical abuse, mental maltreatment and neglect, and sexual abuse (Olive, 2007). “Physical abuse includes scalding, beatings with an object, severe physical punishment, and a rare form of the abuse called Munchausen by proxy” (National Research Council, 1993, p. 59). Mental abuse is when there is a “continuing pattern of parental behavior that is psychologically destructive to the child” (Olive, 2007, p. 67). Neglect happens when a child is “ignored or left alone so much that their well-being is endangered, yet the parent is able, but fails to provide for their basic needs.” (Olive, 2007, p. 67).
Children who witness family violence are affected in ways similar to children who are physically abused. They are often unable to establish nurturing bonds with either parents, peers, and/or other caring adults. Children are at greater risk for abuse and neglect if they live in a violent home. Child abuse occurs in 70% of families that experience
According to Herrenkohl, “Research shows that various forms of early adversity, including child abuse and child neglect (child maltreatment), can carry long-term developmental consequences for children (Herrenkohl)”. Some adults do not understand the needs of their children. Some parents’ growing up may not had any good care as a child, and may think it is okay to treat their kids the same way. The effects of child neglect are health and physical effect, social and behavioral effect, emotional and psychological effect, intellectual and cognitive effect, and the child adulthood. Children are at an increased risk for emotional behavioral problems regardless if they were directly abused or not (Foundation).
Child abuse consists of any act or failure to act that endangers a child’s physical or emotional health and development. A person caring for a child is abusive if he or she fails to nurture the child, physically injures the child, or relates sexually to the child (Robins). Child abuse is broken down into four major categories: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect. Aside from the abuse itself, the cost of the tragic events costs the United States billions of dollars each year. Every day, approximately 4 children in the United States die resulting from child abuse and the majority are under 5-years-old (Fromm).
Children victims of any type of abuse neglect, physical, or sexual abuse need support by being removed from the negative environment. Often, abused children are sent to foster homes. However, foster homes are not always the best solution for abused children. People will argue that children put in foster homes will not develop symptoms later in life. According to Susanne Babbel’s article “The Lingering Trauma of Child Abuse”, “It’s easy to imagine that foster care and group home situations, while they may ease the incidence of abuse in a child's life, can lead to further types of alienation and trauma”.
The effects of exposure can vary from direct effects such as behavioral and developmental issues to interpersonal relationships, all of which lead to detrimental prospects on the child’s development. This paper will explore those effects and how it affects children. Exposure to violence in the first years of life brings about helplessness and terror which can be attributed to the lack of protection received by the parent. The child can no longer trust their parent as a protector (Lieberman 2007). This lack of trust early in life can bring about serious problems later in life, as there is no resolution to the first psychosocial crisis, trust vs. mistrust.