Phobias and potential causes, symptoms, and treatements

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A phobia can best be defined as an abnormal, intense, and irrational fear. This fear can be of a given situation, organism, or object. Dictionary website (2010) states that the word phobia comes from the Greek word that means fear. For every letter in the alphabet there are phobias that start with the letters A to Z. An estimated 18 percent of U.S adult population is estimated to suffer some kind of phobia as stated in the Electronic Ardell Wellness Report (2010). In the mind of the person who has the fear the phobias are very real and scary to him or her. Most ordinary people would be surprised at the common everyday people, places, or things that some individuals are afraid of. To a person that has no phobias it is extremely hard to understand the emotional anxiety that is felt deep inside. When exposed to the person, place, or thing that the person is afraid of he or she becomes extremely nervous, anxious, and sometimes flighty. This paper will explore social phobia and the potential causes, symptoms, treatments, and the impact on a person’s daily living. Social phobia is also known as sociophobia or the fear of society or people in general. Causes The deep- rooted real cause of the many named phobias is not one concrete thing. There are so many phobias out there, and it is obvious that the root of all of them is being fearful of something. There are many studies that have been done to try to discover the root of these many fears that people develop suddenly. The causes can be attributed to many things in a person’s lifestyle. There is not just one main cause for phobias, but a combination of many factors comes into play. Irle, Ruhleder, Lange, Seidler-Brandler, Salzer, Dechent, Weniger, Leibing, Leichsenrin... ... middle of paper ... ...e. Irle, E., Ruhleder, M., Lange, C., Seidler-Brandler, U., Salzer, S., Dechent, P., et al. (2010). Reduced amygdalar and hippocampal size in adults with generalized social phobia. Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience, 35(2), 126-131. doi:10.1503/jpn.090041. McLaughlin, Elizabeth N., Sherry H. Stewart, and Steven Taylor. 2007. "Childhood Anxiety Sensitivity Index Factors Predict Unique Variance in DSM-IV Anxiety Disorder Symptoms." Cognitive Behavior Therapy 36, no. 4: 210-219. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed August 13, 2010). Myers, D G. (2008). Exploring psychology. New York, NY: Worth Publishers. phobia. (n.d.). Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition. Retrieved August 16, 2010, from Dictionary.com website: www.dictionary.com Social anxiety disorder. (2010, July 8). Retrieved from www.mayoclinic.com

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