Phobias are an unreasonable yet strong fear of a certain object, class of objects, or situation (Bruce). Phobia sufferers experience fear and a strong desire to escape whenever they encounter the phobic object or situation. Most people are able to avoid the object of their phobia or endure it with some mild distress. However, when a phobia causes personal distress or when avoidance of it interferes with a person’s ability to carry out normal activities, mental health professionals classify it as an anxiety disorder. These sufferers may need specialized treatment to overcome their phobias.
Agoraphobics: a phobia in which an individual perceives that the environment is life-threatening and that when placed into that place there is no immediate escape. These situations can be open spaces, public transit, shopping malls or anywhere outside of the home. In most cases, agoraphobics will become evidently overwhelmed by anxiety or experience a panic attack or panic-like symptoms. This phobia is difficult to treat and most disabling in comparison to other phobias due to it being associated to many fears. Social phobia (also known as social anxiety disorder) is the fear of performing in front of others and social situations (interaction) which can lead to intense anxiety.
They normally expect failure and disaster is coming, and they normally can not lead normal lives. Phobias are an irrational fear of a certain object or situation. Most people will acknowledge their fear and know that it is unreasonable, but they can not control their anxiety. Another disorder is Social Anxiety Disorder. It is a social phobia, and their main fear is being judged harshly by others and the fear of do... ... middle of paper ... ...
Description of Panic Disorder Everyone at some point have experience fear due to a situation that overwhelms us. This is an essential response of our bodies that can help us survive. However, when these fears are constant, they can disable an individual. Panic disorder (PD) it’s a mental illness that leads a person to have recurring panic attacks, (Strickland, 2001). Panic attacks in people with PD arise unexpectedly, situationally predisposed and / or by situations that remind them experienced dreadful events.
People with this disorder have a bizarre fear of being watched and scrutinized by others. This is exacerbated when they lack social skills in social situations. This causes anxiety which for some can lead to panic attacks because they are constantly in distress that people are judging them. Some even withdraw themselves from social situations completely so they don’t have to face the anxiety. Bruce H. Hinrichs (2004) states people with anxiety worry, feel stressed, and ruminate, which means to go over things repeatedly in their minds (340).
Millions of people suffer from phobias every day of their lives. The third largest psychological disorder in the United States is what psychologists have labelled a social phobia. A social phobia is the fear of social situations and the interactions with other people that can automatically bring on feelings of self-consciousness, judgement, evaluation, and scrutiny. They cannot overcome a social phobia without the patient first grasping exactly what triggers their fears, and then learning how to receive proper help. A social anxiety disorder or social phobia is the constant fear of being criticized or evaluated by other people.
A simple phobia is something, or someone that people are disproportionately fearful of. The next two categories of phobias are considered complex phobias. These phobias are inter connected to the memory. They usually deal with a certain situation or some circumstance. Social phobias which have now been reclassified as Social Anxiety Disorder is when a person finds being in at social event unbearable and difficult.
Social anxiety is the fear that everyone around is constantly judging one and that one is being critiqued or looked down upon. There are many misconceptions of what social anxiety actually is. Social anxiety is not being excessively shy. For example, a shy person could have a social anxiety disorder but they could not have one just as easily. Just as well, an outgoing person could have an anxiety disorder just as well as they could not have one.
Fear and Anxiety are essential functions that occur in the brain that allow people to respond to stimuli appropriately. These feelings as normal as they are can cause problems and in 3.1 percent of adult Americans approximately 6.8 million people it does cause problems (“Generalized anxiety disorder”, 2014). A problem can arise when people have too much fear and anxiety; a problem is evident when it interferes with their life and their ability to do things. This is known as general anxiety disorder (GAD). When someone is suffering from generalized anxiety disorder they normally experience excessive exaggerated anxiety and worry about normal life events that give no clear reason for worry (“Generalized anxiety disorder”, 2014).
When anxiety becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, it becomes a disabling disorder (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). Each year, anxiety disorders affect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older (National Institute of Mental Health, 2009). There are five major Anxiety Disorders they include Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Panic Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and Phobias. Like anxiety, depression can come in many forms but unlike anxiety, it ... ... middle of paper ... ... gain control of their lives again. Works Cited Cassano, P. Fava, M. (2002).