Fallacy 1: ad homimen
Donald Trump posted a YouTube video offering President Obama $5 million dollars to produce his collegiate records and individual passport application (O’Connor, C., 2012). When contacted by Forbes magazine in response to this offer, Trump professed that the offer was extended due to the voters knowing so very little about the president’s personal background. Further stating, his motives were in the best interest of President Obama based on the current state of suspicion surrounding his presidency and this would all questions to rest (O’Connor, C., 2012). This is an example of the ad hominem reasoning fallacy and how the persuader focuses on personally attacking the individual (Larson, C., 2013, p. 245). The statements called president’s background and character into question. The objective of persuader was to further discredit the president in the upcoming 2012 presidential election. The response of the president and White House was predictable based on the oppositional views and past responses to other similar claims and requests (Larson, C., 2013, p. 245). Donald Trump committed an ad hominem when he launched a character assassination of President Obama by introducing meaningless perceptions of character flaws in an attempt to divert votes as well as bring attention to his upcoming show (O’Connor, C., 2012).
Fallacy 2: false cause
The false cause logic exists when individuals mistakenly confuses the relationship between two or more elements with causation (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 94). This logic takes for granted a relationship between cause and effect exists without any solid proof or evidence to support the reasoning (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 95). Forbes published an article estimated that...
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...ually show why the law is working (Kahn, J., 2014).
Fallacy 12: substitution of ridicule or humor
There are reasoning fallacies that attempt to persuade by replacing argument and premise with humor and ridicule (Larson, C., 2013). This is used in health care campaigns and political health care reforms (Kurtzman, D.). Cartoonist Daniel Kurtzman used this in recent cartoon depicting President Obama as a physician (Kurtzman, D.). In the cartoon, he is giving a male baby boomer patient wearing a USA cap a shot from a bottle labeled “health care reform” (Kurtzman, D.). The humorous caption reads “either it will cure you or it will kill me” (Kurtzman, D.). This cartoon statement creates a “false dilemma” (Larson, C., 2013, p. 247). Others may use non sequitur where the flow of the argument does not flow and the message is not logical (Larson, C., 2013, p. 247).