Philosophy: The Meaning of Human Life and Behavior According to Dilthey

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The application of the methodologies and techniques of the natural sciences to human beings is still staunchly resisted by many critics. Discuss why this is so in relation to one or more controversies within the field of psychology. The study of the phenomena related to human behaviour and human interaction is decisively different than the study of physical phenomena by the natural sciences. This essay will argue from a historical and philosophical perspective the claim that one must be wary of applying the methodologies and techniques of the natural sciences to human beings, and that the two must be viewed as completely separate entities and distinct practices. The notion of applying laws of the natural sciences to humans has given rise to significant dispute and controversy in the field of philosophy. Two such controversies debated in relation to applying natural scientific laws to human subjects to be outlined in this essay are that of “free will versus determinism” and “understanding versus explanation”. In order for the argument to be valid, one must first distinguish between the basic principles of the two sciences. The human sciences encompass the disciplines of psychology, anthropology, political science and sociology. In these human sciences, a theory is researched and applied in order to understand a unique concept of human behaviour. On the other hand in the natural experimental sciences, consisting of biology, chemistry and physics, an experiment is carried out in order to test the cause and effect of a theory or hypothesis based on features of the physical world. The application of the methodologies and techniques of the natural sciences to human beings is strongly opposed by critics, and many argue that meaningful ... ... middle of paper ... ...hriftlichen (1857/1858) und in der letzten gedruckten Fassung (1882)(Vol. 1). Frommann-Holzboog. Grim, P. (2007). Free will in context: A contemporary philosophical perspective. Behavioral sciences & the law, 25(2), 183-201. Ingthorsson, R. D. (2013). The natural vs. The human sciences:: myth, methodology and ontology. Discusiones Filosóficas, 14(22), 25-41. MacIntyre, A. (1985). How psychology makes itself true-or false. Stueber, K. R. (2012). Understanding Versus Explanation? How to Think about the Distinction between the Human and the Natural Sciences. Inquiry, 55(1), 17-32. Taylor, C. (1985). Philosophical papers: Volume 2, philosophy and the human sciences (Vol. 2). Cambridge University Press. Introduction to the Human Sciences. (1883). Wilhelm Dilthey. Retrieved 10 Feb. 2014. from https://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/dilthey1.htm

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