Oil is a very important fossil fuel that is used for various sources of energy. Oil supplies power to industries, fuel for transportation, heat for buildings, and provides raw material for plastics, paints, textiles, and other materials (hybrid cars). To access this fossil fuel, oil drilling is used. Land-based oil drilling became less productive and as the global stipulation for energy increased, technology, law, and geology impacts stepped in and pushed the exploration of oil away from shores (CITE). With its historical background, offshore oil drilling is one of the most important aspects of today’s economy although we are faced with its risks and consequences, such as the BP Deepwater Horizon explosion of the Gulf of Mexico.
So in 1854 the first oil lease was granted. Having obtained the land, which he was fairly certain covered oil deposits, Bissell commissioned Edwin & Drake to drill a well for him. Drake did so and struck oil on August 27th, 1859. The first oil well had been sunk and a great industry had been born. Within a few months of the completion of the Drakwell, oil wells were being sunk all over the United States and within two years the country was exporting great quantities of oil.
However, in more recent times, scientists have discovered that the total amount of fossil fuels left on Earth is still quite plentiful, enough to last a few hundred more years or so at the rate they were using them in the 60’s and 70’s (Sustainable). However, consumption has risen since then, as alternative fuel usage has died down and people are less scared of running out of fossil fuels then they once were, as seen by the tremendous increase in fossil fuel usage since then (Cusick). However, the massive consumption of fossil fuels worldwide has created different problems. Be them environmental, medical, or security problems, many problems are created when the world focuses on mainly using finite fossil fuels. Let’s look at a ... ... middle of paper ... ... is the tactic people are using today to try to reduce fossil fuel usage.
Rockefeller was born in Richford, New York in 1839 and he moved with his family to Cleveland, Ohio in 1853. By 1859, he established a business which dealt with hay, grain, meats, and other merchandise. He first saw a future in oil production in Pennsylvania in the early 1860s. He immediately established his own oil refinery in 1863 and became the largest refinery around the Cleveland area within two years (“John D. Rockefeller”). In 1870, Rockefeller, along with Samuel Andrews and Henry M. Flager incorporated the Standard Oil Company (The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica).
(Oil Shale…) Fracking is done by drilling a hole into the earth. Water, sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high force, so it causes gas to flow out of the top of the well. Fracking has revealed clean energy in America for over 60 years. In this current year of 2015 the United States could become the world’s biggest oil producer. That would mean more money for the economy because other countries that lack oil would attempt to buy from the U.S. As an emerging fuel foundation the making and treating cost for oil shale are high due to the small nature of the projects and technology that is involved.
We have the resources in North America to become self-sufficient on our oil instead of Middle Eastern oil. Oil was first discovered in America in 1859 in Titusville, Pennsylvania. (Klare). 155 years later we still are getting oil from countries halfway around the world. Without discovering oil in the US, it would not have given rise to large multinational companies like John D Rockefeller Standard Oil, the big three auto factories, DuPont, airlines/freight industry, and other chemical companies.
The constant fluctuation of the gasoline prices per gallon have steadily increased over the last ten years which has challenged many people to make ends meet. Since fossil fuels provide most of the energy in the United States, an increase in gas prices is not strictly noticed at the pump. Nearly all goods and services require gasoline for their manufacture and distribution. As a result, the cost of these goods and services will also increase with an increase in the price of gas. Increasing the domestic production of oil in the United States could provide the solution for many of our economic, national security, and environmental problems.
Native Americans had been using the spring since 1410 AD. In 1850, George Bissell decided he wanted to sell the oil in the spring. He hired a chemist to analyze the oil and found tha... ... middle of paper ... ...http://www.bydesign.com/fossilfuels/links/html/oil/oil_general.html>. 6. “Oil Use.” 1000 Annotation Links.
Production The complete process of coal tar production is shown in Figure 1. The coal tar is produced by carbonization of coal. In this process, the coal is heated at 900-1100 ºC and the evolved vapors are condensed to form liquid, from which ammonia is removed to obtain a black viscous crude coal tar. The composition of tar so obtained depends upon the origin and composition of starting material used viz. bituminous (soft) coal, anthracite (hard) (Arnold 1997, Thami 2002).
Chlorine exists as a greenish-yellow gas at normal temperatures and pressures. Chlorine is second in reactivity only to fluorine among the halogen elements. Chlorine is a nonmetal. It is estimated that 0.045% of the earth’s crust and 1.9% of sea water are chlorine. Chlorine combines with metals and nonmetals and organic materials to form hundreds of chlorine compounds.