Pesticide Toxins

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A pesticide plant is a type of GMO that is implanted with transgenes to allow it to produce insecticides and tolerate herbicides. The pesticides produced by the transgene of GM plants create a residue within the tissue of the organism that is not only toxic to insects, but also harmful to the detoxifying organs of mammals. For example, the consumption of GM maize MON 810 significantly lowers the hepatic metabolic rate, which is responsible for vital processes such as detoxification and the production of digestive enzymes (Seralini, 2011). The consumption of GM maize line NK 603 has been shown to cause renal leakage and reduced kidney weight due to the toxins present from the transgene (Kramkowska, 2013). The pesticide toxins within GMOs have different impacts depending on the sex of the consumer because the toxins imitate estrogen and impact the endocrine system. The consumption of GM maize MON 863 decreases the growth rate of males, but increases the growth rate of females (Seralini, 2007). This same maize also decreases the kidney weights of males (Seralini, 2011) and accelerates the aging process of the liver in females (Malatesta, 2008). The accumulation of herbicide and insecticide residues in GM plant tissue effects fetal development. These residues, specifically the herbicide glyphosate and its metabolites, are toxic to human embryonic, placental, and umbilical cord cells and cause brain, intestinal, and heart defects in fetuses (Paganeli, 2010). One study found the toxic residue, Cry1Ab toxin, produced by GM pesticide plants in the blood of 93% of pregnant women who consumed a diet with typical western levels of GM foods (Aris, 2011). The consumption of Cry1Ab toxin is generally low enough for the mother to avoid side eff... ... middle of paper ... ... of the biochemical assessments of transgenes in determining allergenicity is weak because GM plants create proteins that are biochemically identical but may illicit very different immunological responses than those in unaltered plant (Goodman, 2011). Considering the dramatic increase in recent years of individuals developing new allergies (CDC), the potential allegernicity and ineffective assessments of GMOs represents a significant policy issue. Cancer The genetic modification process can create carcinogenic properties in plants. This is evidenced by a study that found a 2-3 fold increase in the incidence of tumors and higher mortality rates in subjects fed GM maize NK 603 as compared to the control (Seralini, 2012). NK 603 is a GM maize line that is grown across the US and is widely used in both animal and human food products in the US and Europe (FDA, EFSA).
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